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Q.977.3794 
K622 



1 



Jllizabeth Killie, coitp. 

Kinmundy: Railway to Thruway, 1857- 
1957. (1957) 



;ST0IIICM. 



K INM UND Y 











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ICailwav to Tliruwa> 




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1857 - 1957 



! 

Dedication 




To those early Kinmnndians who founded this community, and to those who con- 




tinued building it; to those whose names are listed here; and to those whose names did not 




reach us in time to be included, we dedicate thi 


s book. To those present day citizens, who have 




joined in making this hundredth birthday pai 


ty a time to remember, and whose wonderful 




si)irit of cooperation promises much for the fu 


ture of our eommunit.y, we dedicate this book. 




T. M. and Bessie King Smith 


F. D. P. and Martha Rutherford Snelling 




Fred .1. and Elizalietli Tomlinson Nirider 


Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Banning 




.Mr. and Jlrs. F. A. Pruett 


Lew A. and Ethel Wantland Alderson 




Miss Mollie A. Songer 


Barney Alderson 




Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Songer 


Charles B. and Annie G. Rohrbough 




Christian J. and Elizabeth Feller Hiller 


Rev. and Mrs. William R. Bradley 




Leauder C. and Elizabeth Lydick Matthews 


Jojni H. Nelms 




John M. and Martha Tucker Rotan 


Dr. Chark's II. Dennis 




Martin and Barbara Phillips Schoeiiborn 


D. A. and Susanna Fairall Porter 




Charles E. and Kate Sclioenboni Buswell 


Charles E. and Hazel Denni.s Siemer 




R. C. and Hannah Robb 


Moses and Elizabeth Green Swift 




Ml', and Mrs. Eli Connant 


Charles M. and Mary Elizabeth Neavill 




.Mr. and Mrs. James Harvey Gray 


Frank V. and Breniee Young Davis 




Clarence and Virginia Gray Hanna 


.Mr. and IMrs. Harry E. Miner 




Clarence Schooley 


A. S. and Ellen Doty Scliermerhorn 




Capt. and Anna Moore Rohrbough 


A. V. and Belle Dillon Schermerhorn 




Edwin and Katherine Groves Wormley 


Gottlieb and Rachel Hope Fenster 




The Melvin Downs Family 


S. R. Wooley 




Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Mendenhall 


Roj- Fenster 




Mr. and I\Irs. Jolni Merchant 


Gustin L. and Jennie D. Eagan 




Gilbert Ward Morgan 


Charles H. and Rose Dillon West 




Ml-, and Mrs. Thomas Hargrave 


Jesse and Louisa George 




■Mr. and Mrs. James T. Sexton 


Owen and Dovey Gray George 




Mr. and Mrs. H. L. Warren 


Walter S. George 




Mr. and Mrs. E. II. Bosley 


Ray George 




Louis M. and Jennie B. Rotan 


William and Elizabeth Holt Morris 




.Ml', and .Mrs. Denton Gray 


Pleasant F. Robuett 




EIroy and Jennie Hallett Snelling 


Anna Chalfant 




David P. and llaniiali A. Snelling 


Mr. and Mrs. Noah Robuett 




George and Emma Snelling 


James E. Williams 





npilieution 



I Ihosc early Kinmimdians who founded this community, and to those who con- 
ihliny it ; to those whose names are listed here; and to those whose names did nut 
in time to be included, we dedicate this book. To those present day citizens, who have 
makinsj this hundredth birthday party a time to remember, and wiiose wonderl'iil 
•ooperation ])ronuses much for the future of our comnnniity, we dedicate this book. 



\'a 


How 


\\n\ 


Xei 


\w\ 


Sii 


■ W 


ari'o 



l;iley Williams 
Mr. and .Mrs. Oliver Y 
W. W. and Frances (i 
Xon Harlan 

diaries and Adora Lowry Shnreldt 
Henry and Ida Shr 
J. Oscar Cox 

Georg-e and Elizabeth F.rammer West 
James B. and Elizabetli Parker ^IcHryde 
J. P. and Sallie McBryde Steen 
Richard P. and Mary E. West McRi-yde 
Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Wilkinson 
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Telford 
William L. and Harriett Forshee King- 
Will and Nellie Rejaiolds 
Oscar X. and Gertrude Tyner 
M. A. Snelliny Babcock 
William Coleman 

Erasmus and ilary Jane Jones Eagan 
Isaac and Athaline Eagan 
J. F. and Mary C. Hockaday 
The Storrs Family 
A. j\I. and Sallie IIowcl Allen 
Edwin Charles and Nellie Ibilbrook Bargh 
George Holbrook Bargh 
John and Mary Faucher Hammer 
Dick Atkins 
George Dillon 
John R. Dillon 
Howard L. Robb 



John and Lois Xelms Roiib 

F. .M. and Julia Lowe Robb 

James Harvey Gray 

-Mary Gray Ingi'am 

Robert Lee Ingram 

Jennie Bascom Grisson 

Levi C. and Sarah King Rohrboiigh 

The Emmet t Porter Family 

Dr. A. J. G. and Julia Gould Hall 

George P. and Anna Foster Tondinson 

S. J. and Elzora Ray Allen 

James 0. and Anna Humphrey Fish 

The Scawthorn Family 



Page Thi-ee 



Dedication 



r* 



to Mrs. Harriet DeVore, "Aunt Harriet," who was boru in Ohio in 1852. 
She remembers as a little girl, the Civil War and Morgan's raiders, and re- 
ealls the day when a neighbor told her family of Lincoln's assassination. 
After the death of her husband in 1891 .she brought her nine children to 
Ivinmundy, where her parents had moved in 1872. She was the baby 
nurse of the community and most young mothers of this area asked her 
to be with them when their babies were born. July 24 is her 10.5th bifth- 
day, and if her health permits, she will receive old friends during- the 
Centennial, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Florence Franklin, where 
she now lives. 



to Miss Luella Parill, «ho celebrated her 94th birthday by baking her own 
cake and inviting the neighbors in. She is the only one of these ladies 
who have been able to participate in the Centennial activities, and has 
been an honored guest at the Finid raising dinner, and other celebrations. 
She lives alone and does her own house keeping. Born in Meacham town- 
ship, she moved Avith her family to Kinmundy in October 1907. S h e 
worked in Chieaao for manv years and returned to her old home in 19:50. 





to Mrs. Elzora Dennis Nelms, who was born in Zancsville, Ohio, in October, 
186:3 and came to Kinmundy with her family, the Alec Porters, when she 
was a year and a half old. She was in the millinery business for 20 years, 
a milliner for 10 years in the shop of Miss Mollie Songer and then in her 
own shop in her home, on jMadisou street. She now lives near the Metho- 
dist church, of which she is a lifelong member, with her brother, Frank 
I'orter and her daughter, Mrs. Hallie Combs. 



to Mrs. Nan Whisnant, who would have been 97 on August 26, and intend- 
ed til eclihrafe hcfdi'e that by riding iu the Centemiial parade. She was 
born in -lenniims Co.. Indiana in 1860 and moved with her parents to a 
farm near Salem when she was about a year old. After her marriage in 
1879 to David C. Whisnant, she moved to a farm near Kinmundy and 
later to town where she lived alone after Mr. Whisnant 's death in 1926. 
A few years ago she was forced by failing health to give up her home 
and live with relatives. A recent serious illness caused her to be moved 
to a nursing home, tho .she was able to go to a family reunion on June 16. 
A short time later she fell, breaking a hip and arm. She did not recover. 





to Mrs. Sara McGee Miller, who Mas born in Carol County, Virginia, on 
.March 11, 1859. Her family came west in a covered wagon when she was a 
1 hild. When one of their horses died, they stopped at a small mining 
town near Washington, Indiana where they lived for some years, her 
t.itlier working as a miner. Later they moved to Sandoval, where she 
married Theodore "Pete" Miller in 1888 and moved to Kinmundy where 
.Mr. Miller worked in the mine till it closed. She died on March 1, 1957, 
at the age of 98. 



+ 

Page Four 



Board of nir0'€*t€prs 




Members of the Centennial Board, left to right, standing, Rodney Schooley, Carl Dunlap, Lewis O'DeU, Mrs. Max- 
ine Robb, treasurer, Jesse George Dr. Dwight Hanna, president. Seated, Mayor E. E. Jahraus, Mrs. Lura Robnett, sec- 
retary. 

Mildred Bargh, Mrs. Pola 



Effie 



COMMITTEES 

FINANCE: Harvey Hanna, Mrs. 

Grain, Ray Vandeveer, Emmett uruy. 
Bud Robnett, C. R. Alderson. 

GO\^RNOR'S: E. E. Jahraus, Mark 
.Vrnold, Arno Miller. Elwin Ingram 
Robert Marshall, Ellis Johnson, Fred 
Miselbrook. _ 

PARADE: Mrs. I'ola Robb, Pauline Ba- 
gott, Mrs. Marge Boyd, Gene Ernst, 
Jesse George, Rev. Rutus Gerkin, 
Dwight Ingram, Mrs. Maxine Robb, 
Glen Johnson. 

HOSPIT.\LITY: Mrs. Lillian Gnssom, 
Elno Brown. Miss Dorothy McCuUey, 
Oi.iii 1.. mIi Mi.~. -Vmelda Vallow, Mrs. 
11,., \' II, . \Ua Bagott, Mrs. Peail 

1 i.i I \I Mi-d Brown, Mrs. Fer- 

(li. i. 'I iJrissom, Arno Miller. 

(■().\i i:~ ~ i' ' s lied Gammon, Fred 
Klii.ss Dan Hiestand, Roy Doolen, 
Wayne Robb. R. R. Atkins, George 
Feather. 

PUBLICITY: Mrs. Adina LeMay, Eliza- 
beth Killie. Mrs. Phyllis See, Orous 
Leach. Arno Miller. Mildred Kleiss. 
Russell Williams, Mrs. Bertha John- 

FIREWORKS: Jesse George. Ray Van- 
deveer. Virgil See. Wayne Robb. Dwight 
Day. Virsil McKitrick. Orville Gordon 
Jr..' Robert G.-iler. 

Ti;-VKFK- SA1-i:TY and PARKING: 
Tom Helpingstine, 



Norma n BUi 
VETERAN'S: R. R. Atkins, Roy Dool- 
en, E. E. Jahraus. Mrs. Roy Doolen. 
Merle Jackson, Wyelt Colclasure, Fred 
Boyd. 
I. C. R. R.: F. O. Grissom. Ray Mauld- 
- - R. Lee. 

Ruth 
Alexander. iTrs. Louise Feather, 



Ernst, Wilma Boughers, Mrs. Lora 
Ingram, Mrs. Virginia Montgomery, 
Mrs. Mary Esther Jones, Mrs. Florence 
Weiss, Mrs. Fern Ballance. 

FARMERS DINNER: James Bagan, 
Howard Hammer, Wayne Robb, Gil- 
bert Doolen, Bill Green, John Phillips, 
Gene Ernst, Dwight Hanna. 

HISTORICAL DISPLAY: Mrs. Elizabeth 
Lux, Mrs Ruby Linton. Mrs. Bertha 
See. Mrs. Huffy Hanna. Mrs. Grace 
Mendenhall. Elizabeth Killie. Glenn 
Jahraus. Mrs. Dorothy Schooley. A. C. 
Dunlap. 

RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES: Jamie Mc- 
Gee, Fred Kleiss, Fr. Str:^clf-r R.v i: rl 
Phillips, Rev. Rufus G.il i, \:.\ \ 
C. Martin, Mrs. Bertha ."^i , M \ 
O'Dell, Mrs. Dorothy M ' ! 1 

Lillian Grissom. Mr.s. i I. h. 

B. J. Rotan, Mrs. Maisaid c?l.iii, UK. 
Mrs. Thelma Bailey. Leland Bras. 1. 
Emmett Gray. Gilbert Doolen, Russell 
Williams, Mrs. Amelda Vallow, Gene 
Ernst, Mrs. Maxine Robb, John Wm. 
McCuIley, Tom Helpingstine, Fred 
Gammon, Fred Alexander, Ray Ingram, 
Paul Montgomery. 

HOMECOMING: Mrs. Margaret Shu- 
feldt, F. O. Grissom, J. B. Maxey, J. 
R. Mahan, Mrs. Bertha Pruett, Mrs. 
Florence Franklin. 

CENTENNIAL BALL: Wayne Robb, 
Mrs. Alecia White. Mrs. Pola Robb. 
Merle Jack.son, Bill Lux. Charles Bas- 
.5. tt i;-, y ()!,trn. Frosty Jones. George 



Bailey. 
Robb. 

ENTERTAINMENT: Cecil Bailey, Kath- 
erine Wormley, Dwight Day, Herbert 
Vandeveer, Dwight Hanna, Mildred 
Kleiss, Mrs. Maxine Robb, Mrs. Ferdie 
Leach, Tom Helpingstein, Raymond 
Swift, R. R. Atkins, Gene Williams. 

SOUVENIR: Mrs. Lura Robnett, Mrs. 
Vera ilaxey. Mrs. Stella P'ruett. Mrr 



Me 



rron Sill. Mrs 



i.STUME: Charles Bas- 
i White. Glenn Doolen, 

.. F. .\. Motch. Harry 



B. F. Linton. 



low. Katherine W( 
Mrs. Lura I 



Hulsey. Fred Kki.'!.«. -Mr.-; 

Mrs. Wanda Eagan. Mr.<. 

mer. Mrs. Millie Bassett 

gene Hammer. 
FUND RAISING DINNER DECORA 

TIONS: Mrs. Alice Lewin, 

Holt. Mrs. Lou Neathery, 
+ ,._ 



Ml. Th.hn,, l;,ll^^. .-I'll- .Lispi-r, Ed- 

.' ,1 hiiHS. .Ml-.- I,iI1i:m, <;ii.->..rn. Mrs. 
1:1,,, Ingram. -Mr.s. .Milared Bargh. 
\l! .Mildred Brown. Marshall Wil- 
1 I P. O. Grissom. 

! \XT: Mrs. Thelma Bailey. Mrs. 
Iv ithl.en Day. E. E. Brown. Kather- 
ine Wormley. Mrs. Alma Ern.«t. Glen 
White. Mrs. Alice Lewin, Enno Lietz, 
Bill Pottebaum. 
MUSIC: Bill Pottebaum, Rev. Vance 
Comer, Mrs. Rufus Gerkin. Lloyd 
Bailey, Mrs. Erma Ingram, Mrs. Jes- 
sie Vallow. Mrs. Louise Feather. Mrs. 
Pauline Johnson. 
Maud I QUEENS: Mrs. Nora Olden. Mrs. Marge 
Boyd. Mrs. Effie Grain. Mrs. Thelma 



Vallow, Gilbert Doolen, Ina Mae 

Tate, Mrs. Ann Jackson, Mrs. Mary 

Sechler. 
TEEN AGE: Butch Boyd, Charles Boyd, 

Carolyn Alberson, Kaye Hammer. 
TEEN AGE: Butch Boyd, Charles Gray, 

Ruth Rohrbough, Mr.s. Bernice Alber- 

SPEAKERS PLATFORM CONSTRUC- 
TION: Ivan Devor, Oran Alderson, Don 
" jgerson, Fred Collett, Ed Green, Gene 
;lm, Winifred Yearin, W. R. Wisher. 

STREET DECORATION: R. R. Lee, 
Alva Olden, Clifton LeMay, John Wm. 
McCulley, John Phillips, Harry Sug- 
gett, John Ilg. 

RESTROOM CONSTRITCTION: Rodney 
Schooley, Gene Jahraus. 

AGRICULTUR^YI. EXHIBITS: Carroll 
Garrett, Bill Lux. Fred Wilson. Le- 
land Brasel. Merle Kline. Glen Brasel, 
Bob Green, Glen Jahraus. 

CONDUCTED HISTORICAL TOURS: 
Mrs. Lillian Grissom, Elno Brown. Mrs. 
Mildred Brown. B. J. Rotan. Harry 
Dennis. Mrs. Olga Alderson. Mrs. Pearl 
FiEher. Mrs. Maud Holt. Pauline Ba- 
gott. 

HISTORICAL HOUSES: Ray Suggett, 
Mrs. Florence Franklin. Mrs. Erma 
Ingram, Mrs. Ferdie Leach, Lloyd 
Bailey. 

STRAWBERRY FESTIVAL: Mrs. Lil- 
lian Grissom, Emmett Gray, Fred 
Kleiss, Fred Alexander, Bert Garrett, 
Mrs. Olga Alderson, Mrs. Ferdie Leach. 
Mis. Ruby Linton, Mrs. Ruth Doolen, 
Mrs. Florence Franklin, Mrs. Alecia 
White, Mrs. Lois Alderson, Mrs. Dor- 
othy McCulley, Mrs. Georgia Soldner. 
Mrs. Marjorie Green, Mrs. Fern Bal- 
lance, Mrs. Margaret Shufeldt, Mrs. 
Mildred Brown, Mrs. Bertha See, Or- 
ous Leach, Virgil See, Eugene Shufeldt, 
Elno Brown, Mrs. Sam Lowe. Mrs. Bert 
Garrett. Mrs. Maud Holt. Mrs. Bessie 
Dif5s. Mrs. Emma Ballance. Mrs. Effie 
Roblj. Leland Brasel. Tom Helping- 
stine. E. E. Jahraus, Harvey Hanna 
and George Feather. 
.. . . — . — . + 

Page Five 



FUND RAISING ACTIVITIES 



KKKOFF DINNER 





£^ 



''lA^ '"^"f^^ 



IVI^.IVH^/l ) 




CENTENNIAL BALL 



This Page Courtesy Of 
MR. AND MRS. WAYNE ROBB 
MRS. LURA ROBNETT 
MR. AND MRS. LEWIS J. T. O'DELL 
MR. AND MRS. TOM HELPINGSTINE 
MR. AND MRS. GILBERT DOOLEN 
F. G. ALEXANDER 

MR. AND MRS. FRANK BOSLEY 



W. L. GREEN 

MR. AND MRS. JOHN G. PHILLIPS 

F. O. GRISSOM 

LILLIAN PARRILL GRISSOM 

MAUDE L. PORTER 

MR. AND MRS. CLYDE BALLANCE 



Page Six 



PROGRAM 



Daily registration of visitors 
9:01) a.m.-5:00 p.in. 

Friday^ August 2 

11:00 a.ra Crowning of Queen 

1 :0n p.m.-8:00 p.m Parade 

3:00 p.m.-3:15 p.m Float Awards 

8-15 pni-3-30 pm Remarks. Paul Farlow, Agriculture 

Agent, I. C. R.R. 

3 :30 p.m.-4 :00 p.m Entertainment 

7:00 p.m.-8:00 p.m Entertainment 

8:15 p.m.-9:30 p.m Pageant 

9:30 p.m.-12:00 p.m S(iuare Dance 



SntiBrduy^ August 3 



9:00 a.m.-ll:00 a.m Conducted tours of Historic places 

10:00 a.m Amateur Elimination Contest 

10:00 a.m Kids Program and Contest directed bj' 

E. E. Jahraus 

1:00 p.m Old Timers Parade on reviewing stand 

Judging of Beards and Centennial Costumes 

2 :00 p.m Amateur Contest 

6 prizes, $50- $25- $10- $5- $5- $5- 

7:00 p.m. -8:15 p.m Choir and Barber Shop Quartet Singing 

Appearance 3 top winners Amateur Contest 

8 :15 p.m.-9 :30 p.m Pageant 

9 :30 p.m. -10 :30 p.m Fireworks 

10 :30 p.m.-12 :00 p.m Dance 



Sunduy^ August 4 



10::>() a.m. -12:00 noon Union Service, New High School Gymnasium 

Guest speaker and choir of 75 voices under tlie direction of Mrs. F. O. Grissom, Mrs. 
0. I. Leach, accompanist. 



(iROrP OF EAKLV KIXlMrXDIAXS 




lall, Elias Xeil, 



I5<irk row -Win. Un.wii. Geo. llarlai 
C. T. .MiddU'lou. Joel Youiigkiii. 

Second row— Ephraim Crank, Geo. Ray, C. Rohrbough. H. Herrick, B. 
Blakeslee, Abe Parker. 

Third row— Dave Headley, Clias. Crank, Jim Rainey, Wni. Coleman, Geo. 
Mundweiler. 

Seated— John Miller, John Donovan, Geo. Fenster, Joe Bargh, Jack Foster. 

Last person nnidentified. 



A long time ago, the Womairs Cliil) ijlaniicd a history of Kinmundy 
for the Centennial and almost a yc^w agn, they asked me to take over 
the job. It has been difficult, hut rewarding, aud we hope it will pre- 
serve the memories of earlier days for those wlio did not experience 
them, and show the changes that have occurred in the century passed. 
Our deepest thanks to everyone who helped us with their scrap-books, 
old pictures, memories, and other valuable material. 

We have used tlie given names of everybody, married or single, 
since in our town, that is the custom. 

Bill Ijarimer gave us the data on real estate, Carl Dunlap did won- 
ders with old photographs, including prints from some 50 year old plates 
made by the late Hugh Spencer, aud Kill Se.'hrcst did the new photo- 
graphs. 

Some material is from the History of Marion and Clinton County- 
1881, Atlas of the United States, 1876, and Atlas of Marion County, 1915. 
We hoi)e you'll forgive tlie mistakes and enjoy the rest. 

—Elizabeth Killie 









.'■ ' [■ 



/ 




:\[r. Byron Kutaii has an at- 
las of Illinois that was pub- 
lished in 1876. Toward the 
front is a map of this state in 
IS'l'l. It had then been a state 
four years. The southern coun- 
ties that bordered on the rivers 
were organized but Marion 
county would not be formed 
till the next year. Trails or 
coach roads cross the lower 
part from Vincennes to St. 
Louis — from Shawneetown to 
Alton. Vandalia had been 
chosen .state capitol in 1819 and 
would bear that title for twen- 
ty years, when it would be 
moved to Springfield. 

As j'ou can see in the little 
drawing all land above Clark 
County was Indian territory. 
Between the Illinois and Miss- 
issippi rivers were b o u n t j' 
lands to be awarded to soldiers 
from the Revolution and War 
of 1812. Chicago was Fort 
Dearborn, and Melwakee, an 
Indian camp. Kaskaskia, ori- 
ginally an Indian village, a 
French Mission in 1685, was 
even then over 100 years old. 
It was incorporated as a town 
in 1725 by Louis XV, and was 
the chief settlement between 
the French in Canada and New 
Orleans. 

The wide territory fanning 
out through Southern Illinois 
was known as the American 
Bottoms and there were large 
])i'airies between the stretches 
of woods. Our area was part 
of Grand Prairie. 

In 1762 the French ceded it 
to the English; in 1778 the 
English surrendered to George 



Earltf History 

Rogers Clark, and it hccanie part of Virginia, and that state ceded 
it to the United States in 17s4. After being part of the Nortliwest 
Territory, it was created the 22nd state in the Union by an act of 
Congress on April 18, 1818. Kaskaskia was the .seat of the first 
civil govcrinuent in Illinois. 

Marion county was organized on Janiuiry 24, 1823, and nam- 
ed after General Miirion, the Swamp Fox, famous in Revolution- 
ary War. Its sL'ltlcis came from Tennessee, Georgia, the Carolinas, 
N'iVginia and rtiins\ l\ aina and were prote.stants in contrast to the 
French Catholics ol Ka-kaskia. The first land entered in the conn 
ty was the west half of the southeast (piarter, section 9, T2N, R2E 
which would be near Texas Corner. It was entered by non-resi- 
dents, Smith, Lee and Lambert on Dec. 8, 1819. Between tliis date 
and January 2:i, 182:], one thousand-forty acres were entered in four 
different townships, however ninety five, of the one hundred fami- 
lies in the county, remained squatters, whose average possessions 
were worth about $27 per person. Scarcely any land was entered 
between 1823 and 1836. 

The first census was taken in 1825 and showed 557 persons, 
104 were heads of families, five of these being widows. There were 
117 voters. Of the 557, there were 273 white males, 282 white fe- 
males, 1 colored nude slave and 1 colored female slave. Hardy 
Foster, who founded Fosterburg on the old Post Road and for 
whom Foster township was named, was listed in the census, and al- 
so John Nichols who seems to have been the first to settle near the 
Kinmundy townsite, according to the History of Marion and Clin- 
ton County. He later moved to Meacham. Another list shows Ar- 
nolds and Jones in Foster township in 1823. 

In 1826 Henry Howell from Tennessee settled on Howell's 
branch. He raised a large family ; some of his descendeuts still live 
in this area. Moses Garrett who was born in 1805 and Hannah 
Morris, born 1811, were married in Georgia, and also came to Illi- 
nois in 1826. He drove a team of oxen and she rode horseback, 
with her baby in her arms. They settled in section 10, Foster town- 
ship and had 9 children. 

It is said that Sandy Branch is one of the oldest cemeteries in 
this area and that it dates back before Illinois was a state. That site 
was one of the earliest settled and some say it would have been a 
town, if the railroad had not passed it by, both to the east and to 
the west. Daniel Doolen Sr., who was born in Ireland in 1765, 
married Mary Bridges in Georgia, moved to Kentucky, had 9 chil- 
dren and died. His widow and sous, Jesse and Dan Junior, came 
to Illinois and settled near Fosterburg, about 1830. Northwest of 
Kinmundy is the Shanghai district and in its cemetery are men who 
fought in the Mexican war. One of these is Eli Robb, ancestor of 
numerous Robbs, and Fishers. He died in 1854. 

To the east in Meacham, Mt. Liberty was a Post Office in 
1840 tho it was generally called Cracker's Neck. (Who knows why?) 
H. Gibson was the postmaster and also kept a general store. Across 
the road was another store run by H. Rockhold. After the railroad 
was built the postoffice was moved to Kinmundy. 

Others in Meacham were the Dillons; George, born in 1808 
and his wife, Sally McKee, who came from Kentucky. The earliest 
land grant to that family was Oct. 10, 1840. Their second son, Isaiah 
Tevis, who served in the Civil War, and wife, Sara Wilson lived 
to celebrate their golden wedding in 1905. They moved to Kin- 
mundy when they retired. 

Also to the east was the Cockrell settlement in the lS40s and 
the Scrutehfields at Miletus in 1835. Near Omega was Capt. Eld- 
ers store before he and his family became early settlers of Kin- 
mundy. 

James K. Craig was born in Kentucky in 1824 and came to 
this area in 1836. His father and mother were John aiul Savilla 

Page Nine 



Craig, and Savilla was the sister of Nancy Hanks, who 
was Abraham Lincoln's mother. James K. and wife 
settled southeast of Kinmiindy, on what is now the 
Kline farm. They had 8 children, the youngest, John 
E. was the father of Bula Craig of Kinmundy. 

Robert Pruett entered the laud west of the pre- 
sent Illinois Central reservoir, east half, iiortheast 
quarter of section 28 in 1839. His wife was .Miin-i'va 
See of Mason County, Virginia (now W. X'ir-inia) and 
she wrote her mother about the fine haul availahli' for 
.$1.25 per acre, so the See and Sliclt.ni family came too. 
They are said to have plowed cnni li-lit through what 
is now the tovni site. Samuel Kolih also entered land 
just southwest of the present town, jirobably about the 
same time tho the dates are not shown ni the entr\ 
l)()()k in llie eoiu'tlioiis.' It is said Ili.it his house was 




Thi^ li said LO have betn Uil lust huust m Kinniundj, Ihough 
it .slued 1101 th of the town pint about a block south of the old 
Catholic Chuich 

ily saw the Headley family arrive, driving their team 
of oxen. One ox was white which was very unusual. 

In 1828 three Gray brothers came from Tennessee, 
James, Joseph and William. James settled on section 
10 acquired more land in section 15 and other sections. 
He was the first J. P. in the township and filled that 
position till his death in 1835. This farm was known 
as the Harvey Gray place and was the scene of many 
wiener roasts in the 1910-20 era, when it was occupied 
by Luther Davis family. It is now the property of 
Lewis O'Dell, principal of Alma-Kinmimdy High 
School. Sons of James Gray were James Harvey and 
Isaac D. both married Hanna girls. The Robert Han- 
na family went to Kentucky from South Carolina in 
1820 and in 1848 came to Marion County. The young- 
est son, David was the grandfather of Dr. Dwight 
Hanna who is president of the Centennial board. A des- 
cendant of Isaac and Dovey Elizabeth Gray is Jesse 
George, also of •■.■ntcnnial board. 

In 1828 Aimer Stewart, another Teunesseean, built 
a cabin on land which is now part of the town of Kin- 
mundy. He entered the second tract of land in Kin- 
mundy township on Dec. 21, 1839, west half of the 
northeast quarter of section 22 or from route 37 north 
to and including Harvey Hanna 's farm, and from the 
C&El to Monroe Street. He had eight children but 
they all moved away. 

Isaac Eagan came from Tennessee with James 



Gray_inJ.S28^ He drove a stage for a while^ 
Quarried and bought a farm on Feb. 13, 1837 
which was the first land entered in the 
township. He bought more land, some be- 
ing the Stewart tract in section 22. For a 
while he operated the horse mill started by 
Stewart. He had eight children and in the 
Illinois State gazetteer and bu.siuess direc- 
tory lor 1864-65 Marion county lists 12 or- 
ganized townships, one called Eagan. W. 
B. Eagan, the oldest son, built the first house 
in the original plat of Kinmundy, and ran a 
stoi'e there. The original Eagan homestead 
was out in the Stewart tract east of the C& 
El and across from the cemetery, and the 
Eagans ran a store there before the town 
was laid out. Isaac died in the old home in 
1873. The i)lace was still standing until the 
C&EI railroad was built. Hugh Eagan from 
Tennessee spent 1829 with Gray but moved 
near Salem. 

Other early entries near town are part 
of seetion 27 by Charles Floyd Jones in 1852, 
(ieor^c Eheuger also in section 27 in 1853, 
Chester C. Ford in section 22 in 1856, and 
Capt. Wm. T. Sprouse, the part just below 
the town in 1860. One of the largest land 
owners was Isaac Eagan, who held nearly 
all that adjoining the townsite. 

An other early entry was made by 
Wiley Burton in section 28, March 1, 1839 
and there were doubtless many other set- 
tlers whose names were not encovmtered in 
compiling this book. It does not appear 
just liow the transfer was made when the 
Illinois Central was given the land grant, but 
the site of the present town was sold by the 
1. C. to John Blurton on June 23, 1853 and 
he sold it to Wm. T. Sprouse in March, 1857. 
Sprouse then laid out the original 15 block 
plat on April 10, 1857. 

On Sept. 20, 1850 President Millard 
Filmore signed the bill making the first 
grant of public lands to help construct a 
railroad. The land in Illinois was fertile 
and had fine prairies and timber lands but 
except near the rivers it was sparsely popu- 
lated. There were few roads and no waj' of 
marketing your crops after you raised them. 
Some older people today remember hearing 
their grandparents tell of hauling grain to 
St. Louis by wagon. 

This land grant bill gave the State of 
Illinois certain areas of government land to 
be sold, and the money to be used to build 
a railroad. This land was to revert to the 
government if a railway was not started 
within 2 years, and finished within 10 years, 
of the enactment of the bill. Word of this 
was sent by the new invention, the tele- 
graph. The state of Illinois lost no time in 
turning this land over to the Illinois Cen- 
tral Company, who set about building the 
railway. Much difficulty was encountered 
hut the main line was completed in 1855. 



Page Ten 



It reached from Freeport to Cairo. Tlie Chi- 
cago Branch had been started to connect Cliicauo 
with Centralia and on September 27, 1856, those 
building from the north, met those from the south 
at the site of the present town of Mason. This 
was named in honor of Col. Roswell B. Mason 
who had been in charge of the work since its in- 
.■cptiou. This completed the "Charter Lines" of 
tlie railway, uuiking 705'- miles of railway reach- 
ing from buuleith on the IMissi.ssippi west of Ga 
lena, to Cairo where the Ohio & Mississippi meet 
and from Chicago to Centralia where the branch 
joined the main line on to Cairo. This wa.s the 
longest railroad in the world at that time. At the 
same time the railroad was being built, the Illi- 
nois Central Telegraph Co. was formed and its 
lines ran along the rail lines, dispatching the 
trains and making communication possible be- 
tAveeii the settlements. 

Stations were made every few miles so that 
all areas would be able to ship their produce 
north to Chicago, or south to the Mississippi and 
then on to New Orleans and world markets. These 
stations were named for railroad officials and oth- 
er i)ersons. Kinmundy was named for the home- 
town in Scotland, of one of the London represent- 
atives of the I. C. It is supposed to have original- 
ly been Kilmundy, and in the 1S68 Guide book 
l)ut out by the railway is spelled that way in 
some instances. It is the only town in the United 
States to have the name. 

On June 23, 1853 John Blurton purchased 
from the I. C. R. R. the north half of the south- 
east quarter of section 22, town 4 north, range 3 
east. On March 1, 1957, William Sprouse pur- 
chased the tract from Blurton, and on April 10 
of that year, platted the original town of Kin- 
imnidy. 

fliis contained 15 blocks and extended from 
First Street now Highway 37, south to 4th street 
and from Washington street on the east to '- 
block west of ilonroe street on the west. These 
were divided into 169 blocks. The first pur- 

chaser was Jerrv Bissonnet who bought on July 
1, 1857 lots 123, 124, 163, 164 and 165. Nothing 
further is mentioned about him. whether he built 
(u- not. On Jidy 14, Lorenzo Hart bought lot 137. 
He was the second merchant to settle on the west 
side of the railroad. He had had a store in a 
building built by Willis Wilburn on the east side, 
south of the town plat in 1855. C. Spafford op- 
ened a restaurant on the west side and later a 
general store in connection. His name is not on 
the original plat so perhaps Avas below it. 

Then in October, W. B. Eagan with Samuel 
and Augustus Bond bought lots 119, 125, 126, 127. 
and 128. On lot 119 he built what is listed as the 
first building in the new town. It was house, 
general store and post office as he was the first 
postmaster. The house now occupied by Miss Luel- 
la Parrill is built around the original building. 

Willis Willborn bought lot 133 at the same 
time. He is credited with keeping the first hotel 
but it was probably in a building south of the 
townsite. Other purchases in 1857 were lots 144, 



145 146 and 147 by Chase, Goodwin, Jackson and 
llalsted in November; and lots 148 and 149 by 
•lames Nevils, and 151, 152 by Lorenzo and John 
.\llmon, 162 by W. C. Mitchell, these later ones in 
December. 

1858 saw manv purchases — Jan. 27, lot 15t) 
to ('has. A. Montross, Feb. 1. lot 161 to W. B. 
Ka-.m. M.nvl, 111. jot ir,4 t.i Canada Allmon. In 




Thomas Bagott's store which he started after work- 
ing for D. C. Moore, an early Kimnundy merchant. They 
both came from Cincinnati. The store stood about where 
the Mahan & Motch Grocery is now. 
Jiuie of that vear James W. Booth bought lots 1, 

4, 37, 43, 46, 49, 56, 62, 89, 101, 103, 113, 120, 166, 
167, and 168. D. P. Snelling bought part of lot 2, 
he later in 1866, opened his own addition, and 
built the big house ou the hill where Suggetts now 
live. George Watson bought part of many lots, 35, 
36, 39, 42, 50, 57, 59, 69, 93, 105, & 141. John F. 
Barnard bought parts of lots 5, 16, 41, 44, 53, 90. 
94, 97. 102, 107, 138, 139, and 142. John Tuder 
lot 158 and Geo. P. Hull lots 159-160 in July. Wes- 
ley Rockhold bought lot 121 in October and that 
finished the season for the year. 

In 1859 Wm. Willard purchased lot 153, Jan. 

5, and Chas. Montross lot 169 Jan. 25. April 12, 
lot 154 to L. S. Hart, Jiuie 6 lot 138 to same man. 
Also on June 6 Preslev Wilborn bought lots 134- 
5-6. and Ed Stiles, lot 99. On Aug. 24, lot 140 
was sold to John Robb. and on Oct. 4, lot 143 to 
Isaac and Thos. Sweney. On Oct. 10, lot 67 to J F. 
Barnard and Georgia Watson Cormick: Oct. 29 to the 
Watson estate and Elias Ferguson, lots 129-30-31-32, B. 
F. Fallon lot 39; on Nov. 12, lots 113-118 to Mary Locke, 
and the last for that year — lot 15 to Clinton and James 
Wolfe on Dec. 7. 

There were only 3 lots sold in 1860, lot 18 to John 
Moon on Jan. 2, lot 96 to Simeon Bishop on Jan. 19 and 
lot 14 to James Wolf on Feb. 23. In May, 1860, Sprouse 
bought the tract adjoining the town plat to the south, 
and later sub-divided it. 

1861 saw the beginning of the Civil War and there 
were few lots sold that year; lot 19 to John Moon on 
July 31, and on the same day '- lot 95 to J. R. Smith; 
lots 115-116 to W. B. Eagan on Aug. 3. 



Page Eleven 







Abner Bernanl, station agcjit, and HaiT\ llollisicr in trdiit ot the old l.C. 
depot. This plioto was taken in llie 90>,. The I.C. fast mail made its first tri]j 
July 11, 1890. 

This ere-H on the handcar is not identified. They are photograi^hed in front of 
the old ( \.K\ stalion In ls')s— daily smitldiound G:r>8 a.m., 5:0') p.m.— 
northbound Id 'id a in 4 4'_' ])m 



/^^ 




This page courtesy 
GRAY'S HARDWARE 



* " " .ty 



■ Kinmiindy Finns 

B. F. LINTON FUNERAL IIO]ME 



ALEXANDER'S GULF SERVICE 



MARSHALL WILLIAMS 
GROCERIES 



Ill 1861.' Tihiian Raser bought tlie other half 
of lot 95. He was a nuiu who would be very ac- 
tive ill the new towu. lu 1863 Abram Elder 
bought lot 108. 

lu 1864, April 25, lot 100 to James Kevins; 
.May 23, lot 91 ^o Frederic Emmet; June 10 the 
Trustees of the ]\Iethodist Church bought one 
third of lot 59 and that is where the church still 
stands; Oct. 13, lot 102 to A. J. Swan and lot 104 
to F. 11. Green. Nov. 27, lots 69 and 70 to Matison 
P. Tilden, and lots 77, 78 to Bayard Chalfant, 
al.so lot 52 to 1). C. Moore; ou Nov. 28, lot 105 to 
Daniel Kelly. 

The Civil War ended in April 1865 and peo- 
ple began to come home from the front and oth- 
ers to move west and north. On Jan. 28, Mary 
Eagan bought lots 109, 110; Feb. 2, lot 141 to 
Henry Eagan; on Jidy 5, Thomas and Washing- 
ton CuUey purchased lots 87 ^umI '^>. Auu. 5. lot 
56 to John JSteinmaii and Geo. l^Lirr: Aul;. 18, 117 
to W. B. Eagan, 122 to Wcslry liorkliukl, and 
lot 51 to David C. Moore; Aug. 25, lot 64 to Mar- 
tin Beaver; Nov. 18, lot 13 to J. 0. Dumoud; Nov. 

22, lot 84 to James Barrett, lot 85 to John Stein- 
man; Nov. 23, lot 71 to William Becker and lot 
50 to Moses Fi-euch. Ou Dec. 28, Munger and 
Moore bought lot 83. 

lu 1866 ou Jan. 2, lot 44 to Claris Grotl; 
Feb. 12, lot 81 to Charley Misselbrook; Feb. 17, 
lot 42 to James H. Gray, Sr. ; March 16, lot 41 
to Isaac D. Gray; March 19, lot 61 to C. B. Hol- 
lister; April 9, lots 106 aud 107 to A. C. Elder; 
April 16, lot 3 to Michael Hoar and lot 114 to 
L. D. Allmon; June 22, lot 72 to Edward Free- 
man, lot 80 to J. C. Haw^orth, aud lot 82 to Mary 
A. Valentiue; July 10, lot 98 to Christopher 
Houts; Oct. 27, lot 93 to Stoddard Russel; Nov. 

23, lot 94 to Tillman Raser ; Dec. 6, lot 68 to Nel- 
son Graves and H. C. Fi-eemau; and ou Dec. 13, 
lot 97 to Tillmau Raser. 

lii 1867 Chas. Montross bought lots 73, 74, 
75, aud 76 ou Jan. 3; lot 45 to Claus Grott on 
Jan. 5;Jau. 16, lots 7 and 8 to Rob't. Sprouse; 
lots 9 and 10 to Sam'l McCloud; lots 11 and 12 
to Amos Jackson and lot 79 to James Barratt. 
On April 2, lot 34 to Joshua Goodwin aud lot 37 
to Ed. Herrick. Ou May 8, lot 60 to David W. 
Johnson; on July 24, lot 48 to Mattie Kepley; 
on Oct. 23, lot 57 to Henry Hall, lot 157 to J. W. 
Howard and Franklin Russell, and on Oct 30, lot 
23 to Thos. H. Parker and lot 55 to Anna Marie 
Schmidt. 

In 1868 only three lots w^ere sold, lot 47 to 
;Mary Ann Valentine iu Feb. 19 ; lot 24 to Wilber 
Deuel on Aug 29 ; and lot 22 to Fanny Miselbrook 
ou Dec. 8. 

In 1869, June 29, AVashiugton Culley bought 
lots 5 and 6, and John B. Elder bought lots 111 
and 112; on Sept 20, lots 29 and 30 to Martha 
Hart, lot 31 to James M. Kenton, and lots 32 and 
33 to Geo. L. Brenner. 

Only 2 lots were sold in 1870, lots 27 and 28 
to Isaac Eagan, and in 1871 the last 2 lots of the 



original townsite were sold, lot 57 to Ed. Ilerriek 
ana Henry Hall and lot 58 to J. F. Barnard, both 
sold ou April 14. 

Meanwhile other subdivisions were being 
opened on all sides, Sprouse to the south, Good- 
win to the east, Eagan to the uortli, aud Snelling 
to the southwest. On Fremont street iu Snelling 
atuiition were some or the early homes, Snelliug, 
ihrane, .\elson, Porter, and I^Veuch. The Frencli 
laiiiily are ilie only ones of the origiuai settlers 
w no still live there. 

In the early days before transportation be- 
came so swift, a small towu had to be pretty 
much self sufiicieut. i'iiere were millls, bakeries, 
uarrei and basket factories, banks, mines, brick- 
yards aud casKct makers. Early bakers were Bill 
v.awrey and Clias. Swander. i'he Ross brothers 
uaa me iirst bread mixing machine, about 191U 
HI iiie Duuamg where the Express now is. The last 
oaKery here was Euer Zimmer's, where Grain's 
eaie IS now. 

i\icCreary and Monger had a baukuig busi- 
ness lu 1S6(, and T. \V. Haymond & Co. bank 
was organized Jan. 1870. Tilmau Raser, presi- 
dent. In 1899 the Merchants & ilechanics Bank 
was established and later became the Haymond 
.-^tate Bank. R. P. .ucBryde had a small private 
uanK but went with the J^lrst National as cashier, 
wlien it was organized in 1902. Capt. Rohrbough 
was first president, iu 1906, Henry Warren & 
►Sons started a private bauk, later changed to 
i-armer's & Merchant's Bauk. The Building & 
Loan Co. was organized Aug. 12, 1887. 

A brickyard was started by Jonathan Walls 
in lti91; the Kinmundy creamery began opera- 
tion Dec. 23, 1892. The Coal mine was organized 
m I'eb. 188-t with $12,000 capital, and iu April 
Zard l<'rost contracted to sink the shaft. The en- 
gine house burned in Feb. 1886, but on March 
2b, "the diamond drill strikes coal" said the Ex- 
press. This was a shallow vein but on June 3 they 
struck a vein 5 ft. thick at a depth of 867 ft. aud 
the Express got out a special edition. About 1900 
operations became too costly aud it was aban- 
doned. 

When the city hall burned in 1903 it was 
thought that all city records were lost but this 
year the council found the minutes of the first 
meetings, from the time of organization ou April 
10, 1867 to June 17, 1874. This book, written iu 
several Spenceriau hands, provided much infor- 
mation. It gives a picture of a small community, 
building board walks and plank roads to get up 
out of the mud, making fire prevention law.s-, 
building a jail, and in general having all the 
struggles that city councils have. 

From the first there was a battle between 
the temperance group and those who favored sa- 
loons. We have handbills advertising huge tem- 
perance meetings sponsored b.y Royal Templars 
of Temperance, and one time, a lady took her 
hatchet, like Carrie Nation, and went down and 



Page Thirteen 




DOL Snmh t.dking to Clav Ue\ore in the buggy This is in iront ol Smith's office which 
still stanch on West Thud stieet Looks like Jim Posey m the backgiound The othei man ls not 
identified. 




This was the old Eagan homestead, where Isaac Eagan died in 1873, and where a store was 
kept before the town of Kinmundy was platted. This photo shows the last reunion of the family 
before the house was torn down to make way for the C.&E.I. raih-oad. W. B. and wife are seated 
at right. 

Compliincnts of tlicso Salom Merchants 
ILLINOIS BROKERAGE PETE'S PAINT SHOP 

VURSELL'S IGA BRACY FOOD STORE THE KROGER CO. 



Page Fourteen 



wrecked a saloon. Histories tell us that drinking 
was a great problem in the middle west in pion- 
eer days. There was an attempt every year to 
vote the town dry but it didn't really make it 
till about 1908, and since then licinor lieen.ses 
have not been issued. 

On April 10, 1867, just ten years after the 
town had been i)latted the eity coimcil met to 
organize. The oath of office was administered by 
Tilman Baser, a Justice of the Peace, in and for 
tiie County of JMarion and the State of Illinois, 
to the following officers: W. R. Hubbard, Mayor; 
U. M. Humble, City Clerk; A. R. Swan, City 
Marshal; Robert Nevins, Street Commissioner; 
Alderman for 1st w-ard, Clinton Wolf and I. C. 
Haworth; for 2nd ward, T. 0. Hatton and Til- 
nuin Kaser; for 8rd ward, I. S. Sweney and C. H. 
Mungcr, and for 4th ward, W. B. Eagan and 
W. T. Sprouse. A seal w-ith the words "City of 
Kinmundy" and "Incorporated March 26, 1867" 
on it was ordered. It was voted that all ordi- 
nances of the old town which M-ere consistent 
with tlie city charter should remain in effect un- 
til revised or repealed. 

On April 13 the council met at Tilman Ra- 
ser's office, appointed committees, passed ordi- 
nances concerning tie votes, and bonds of city 
officers. The mayor suggested that a map or 
chart of the eity be drawn and street corners es- 
tablished. Stated meetings were to be held on 
the first Monday of each month, and ordinances 
were to be published or posted, whichever was 
deemed best. On April 22, C. H. Mimger was 
elected City treasurer. They proceeded to meet 
very week for some time and the most frequent 
business to be considered was building streets 
and sidewalks, luisanitary conditions of streets 
and alley.s, the licensing of places where liquor 
was sold, animals running at large in the city, 
and boys jumping on and off moving trains. A 
frequent expense was paying for the removal ot 
dead hogs. No wonder Dr. Skilling called atten- 
tion to the unsanitary conditions, this was refer- 
red to the Committee on Health. 

On May 27 the financial report of W. C. 
Dorris, (town treasurer) was accepted and he 
turned over to the city $759.63. On May 31, Aid. 
Raser presented a resolution that the Mayor ap- 
point a committee to "investigate and inquire 
into the propriety of erecting a city prison." The 
mayor agreed and appointed Sprouse, Haworth 
and Raser. 

On Jiuie 17 the council voted $3 each to 4 
special policemen for their work on the day of 
the circus, June 13. The resolution to build a eity 
jail carried and a committee was appointed to 
deal with specifications and contracts. It was also 
voted to pay Aid. Raser $36 for the year for the 
use of his office and furniture as a council, meet- 
ing place. Madison street was to be graded from 
the south side of Second st. to the north side of 
Third. 

On June 21 the committee on the jail was 
authorized to negotiate for a lot. On July 8 Aid. 
Raser reports lot purchased and negotiations with 



Wm. Fuqua to build. At a special mcotiiii;- on 
Aug. 12, Aid. Raser presented a bill for $100, for 
the lot for city jail, which Avas i)aid. A resolu- 
tion was pas.sed to enclose the jail grounds with 
a suitable fence. On Sept. 6, Wm. Fuciua i)rc- 
sented his bill for building the jail, .$39r).00, jdus 
$36.08 for extras. W. M. Motch presented an or- 
der for $18.00 in favor of James Haworth for 
painting the jail. The marshal was instructed to 
get a table and two chairs for the use of the 
marshal at the city jail. The council minutes do 
not give the lot's location, so we do not know 
where the first jail was situated. Raser was )i<)t 
the first owner of lot 144 where the "calaboose" 
was. 

In November a petition was offered asking 
for a sidewalk on the south .side of Third street 
between Monroe and Madison. D. P. Snelling pe- 
titioned a sidewalk on Fremont street and citi- 
zens of the second ward wanted one on First 
street. These sidewalks were, according to one 
set of specifications, "good lumber not less than 
1" thick, laid on 3 stringers not less than 2"x4". 
walks to be 4' wide." The druggists were pray- 
ing for the repeal of the druggist's license and 
3 liquor licenses were issued. 

In December they were ordering sidewalks 
on east side of Monroe from First to Third street, 
and south side of Third from Madison to Monroe. 
In January the street commissioner reported 
names and number of days delinquent on labor 
on streets and it totaled 100 days. Only those who 
worked the required number of days on the 
streets were allowed to vote. On March 7, 1868, 
L. B. French presented a bill for $5 for 2 tubs for 
the jail. The eity assessor presented his bill of 
$12.50 for taking census. A motion was made to 
publish the reports of the council, treasurer's re- 
port and census in the Kinmundy Telegram. May- 
or issues proclamation of city election to be the 
2nd Monday in April 1868. 

On April 6 the bids for laying street cross- 
ings were opened and John B. King, who bid 
19e per foot, was awarded the job. April 20, 1868 
— election results: I. S. Sweney, mayor; Mont- 
gomery Wilson, treas. ; U. M. Ilmnble, clerk ; J. L. 
Smith, marshal ; Robt. Nevins, street comm. ; John 
Robb, surveyor; H. H. Chesley, assessor; alder- 
men, D. C. Moore, H. R. Hale, B. Freeman and 
W. R. Hubbard. They wanted the I. C. R.R. to 
make a crossing on First street and change the 
Third street crossing to accommodate Jefferson, 
too. In June they passed an ordinance regarding 
shade ti'ees and it seems that you could plant 
trees instead of working on the streets. (These 
are the trees that have about reached their prime 
and are breaking down all over town.) 

In the following months they tried in vain 
to open Van Buren street. (Where it was we 
don't know but from the map it might have been 
the allev between the Christian church and Arno 
:\Iiller's. That was the boundary of the original 
plat.) They spent $4.60 for stars for the police- 
men to wear, these must have been the special 
police for 4th of July and Circus day. They fenc- 




Background shows old Cooperage Building. 



diuK at. (.'.itE.l. railroad. 



Compliments of BACHMANX'S PURNITURE STORE— Salem. 




Leander Matthews pays off an election Ijct by wlieeling Dr. Clause around the block 
when Bryan was defeated in 1896. 

Compliments A. C. DUNLAP & SON, Kinmundy 



Page Sixteen 



ed the jail, built wells, euinplaiiicd to the I. ('. 
K.R. about the north-bound freight bloeking the 
crossing. Thii-ty citizens petitioned for an elec- 
tion to vote on the question of subscribing for 
$r)0,000 worth of stock in the proposed Kiniuun- 
dy & Pana railroad. 

Ill 1869, N. H. Hubbard, mayor. There were 
l)etitions for gravel crossings; to open Sycamore 
from Monroe to Madison; make a sidewalk on the 
east side of Madison from 2nd to ;]rd ; and always 
the problem of cattle and hogs as well as dogs 
nnining at large. Tilmau Raser agreed to be city 
attorney and represent the city in all except the 
supreme courts, for .i;100 per annum. The prop- 
erty owners of Madison street requested that it 
be graded and macadamized from 2nd to West 
street. 

In 1S70, 1. S. Sweney, mayor, they hired a 
night watch for ^U) per month. They accepted 
the deed from the cemetery trustees and voted 
$50 for imprrovemeiits, later they recorded the 
deed, surveyed and platted it and had deeds for 
the lots printed. They voted to allow permanent 
residents to sell lemonade, ice cream and soda 
water on the 4tli of July, for payment of clerks' 
fees only. The finance committee was to have 
control of who should erect stands on the 
grounds where the celebration was held. They 
voted to dig a good deep well at the corner of 
2nd and Madison and furui.sh it with a pump and 
good substantial cover. 

In 1871, Haworth mayor, they got costs for 
building a bridge over the railroad at 2nd street. 
Tiiey moved that the cemetery committee should 
buy a bier and other articles necessary to bury 
the dead. Appointed a special committee to con- 
fer about buying Shelton's grove for a city park. 
The mayor "called attention to the approaching 
national anniversary", appointed a committee to 
license ice cream and other stands on the grounds 
and instructed the marshal to see that there were 
no stands on the city streets. On Aug. 7, the fi- 
nance committee showed a balance of $27.95 after 
defraying the costs of celebration and moved to 
hold it for future celebrations. 

More petitions for sidewalks ; a well built by 
D. C. Moore opposite his property on 3rd street 
(this should be the one in the picture on page 
20). They rented a lot to build a city pound. 
(This was for all stray animals and later Capt. 
Reno was sued for breaking in and recovering 
his animals). A resolution to license a bowling 
alley at $5 per year was decided out of order. 
Wetter asked permission to move his saloon to 
new brick building on corner of 2nd and Madison. 
In 1872, D. C. Moore, mayor, but resigned 
and was succeeded by E. Freeman. Petition for 
sidewalk to extend to M.E. Church south, on Ad- 
ams street. 

In 1873, Mayor Haworth. Ordinance passed 
Ucen.sing groceries. Extra land was purchased for 
cemetery; resolution to purchase new pump for 
public well, paint the fence around it, and clean 



the yard for "as little expense as possible." Gro- 
ceries petitioned against heavy taxes. Street com- 
missioner was instructed to work out all who have 
not paid or worked, within the next 30 days. 

In 1874, G. M. Souger, mayor. Opening of 
South street was referred to committee. Resolu- 
tion that the board "should pledge united and 
individual influence against selling or giving 
away of intoxicating liquor to minors or habitual 
drunkards." The city to spend not more than 
$300 on repairing and building sidewalks. Aid. 
Raser moves to procure lamp posts and lamps 
before fall and they vote to procure not more 
than 10 street lamps, provided they cost not more 
than $10 each erected. This is the la.st entry in 
the minutes of the book recording the first meet- 
ings of the Kinmundy City Council. 

The Illinois Central Directory for 1868 
writes very glowingly of Kinmundy. (It still had 
lots of land to sell in the vicinity for from $7 to 
$13 per acre.) The following people advertised in 
the book so we have their names : N. S. Hubbard, 
American Express and I. C. R.R., H. H. Chesley 
and Tilman Raser, attorneys; C. Miselbrook, bar- 
ber; B. Chalfant, blacksmith; W. Graves, carpen- 
ter; Scott Shrigley, dentist; (full sets of teeth, 
$10) ; J. O. Hatton and Price & Denby, druggists; 
W. B. Eagan, A. C. Elder, John Brenner, Rohr- 
bougli & iloore, Solomon & Co., C. Spafford, 
Wilson & Elder, dry goods and general merchan- 
dise 

Capt. Reno and Songer Bros., flouring mills ; 
Herrick & Hall, W. A. Howell, Hume & King, 
Geo. K. Jenkins, J. H. Landrum, groceries; W. B. 
Eagan, D. C. Moore, hardware; E. Eagan, hotel 
(.$2 per day) ; J. H. Robb, J. P.; W. Culley, livery 
stable; C. A. Moutross, lumber; Miss M. M. Hart, 
Mrs. A. Parker, Mrs. J. R. Smith, Songer & Lee- 
ver, millinery; E. Freeman, house and sign paint- 
er; T. W. Forshee, J. M. Fox, U. M. Humble, 
L. D. Skilling, physicians; J. C. Haworth, saddles 
& harness; A. W. 'Bryant, Kinmuudy Tele- 
gram; Pat Mullins, H. H. Robertson aud C. Wet- 
ter, saloons; 

John Coleman and Wiiuiie James, shoemak- 
ers; E. Mendenhall, stationery; wagon & carriage 
makers, William Becker, J. C. Moon, and F. Sei- 
ser. Besides these, they say, there are sawmills, 
tobacco factory, woolen factory, sorghum mills, 
cabinet makers and coopers, and more than 50 
homes were erected iu 1867. 

The Kinmundy Independent for 1876 has ads 
for : Geo. Craig aud S. VanAruam, shoemakers ; 
Dan Lovell, barber; Eagan & Porter, livery sta- 
ble; Mrs. V. A. Brown, dressmaking & tailoring; 
B. Blakeslee, plows & cultivators; Songer Bros., 
flour; Edward Freeman, real estate, newspaper; 
Wm. R. Fish, Kinmundy market; Spring & Ree- 
der, hardware, tinware, etc. ; J. H. Gray and 
W. C. Squier, hotels; Dr. W. 0. Smith and E. G. 
Forshee, M.D.; J. F. Donovan, B. B. Smith, at- 
torneys; Wilson & Boothes, McBryde's gen. 
mdse. ; HoUister's drugs, Simpson's groceries. 



Page Seventeen 



jj ' ^ 




The Mendenhall Evaporator was started on Jul.y 4, la9U, and in 1»91 F. A. 
Pruett started one. In those days before freezers, drying fruit was a big busi- 
ness. Frost's Lumber yard in the background. These both burned in the 90s. 
The IMendenhall family and em])loyees are shown. 



This is the intei-iui- ( 
William (Jolenuni. n 
hall, bov not identifi 



1)^ 



iiv oil .h-d street about 1898. Seated are 
Alii' Smiucr. Standing, ToUev Menden- 
Miul Fred Killie. 




This page compliments of 
TED HOLS APPLE BODY SHOP. Salem, Hi. 



Page Eighteen 



The Kinmuiidy Express got out a spoeial 
Cliristmas edition in 1889, witli a glowiug Avord 
nieture of Kinmundy and drawings and short 
biographies of prominent citizens. We have space 
to list them and birthplace, only: Geo West, from 
I'liiladelpliia, farmer; James C. Haworth, mer- 
cliant. lud. ; James H. Gray, farmer, Tenn. ; Mrs. 
Klizabeth Boothe Gray, Ind.; Thos. Williams, 
farmer, Tenn.; Giles Songer, mill, Ind.; John M. 
Kotan, Tenu., real estate; A. W. Songer, miller, 
(May CO.; 0. N. Tyner, photos. Dr. E. G. Forshee, 
Ohio; J. F. Donovan, mayor, New York city; 
J. P. McBrydc, merchant, Ala.; J. M. Brenner 
Bavaria, lumber yard; S. J. Allen, A. M. Allen, 
carpenters, Ohio; W. L. King, merchant, Ohio; 
Rev. W. T. Brannum, M.E. Church, St. Clair co. ; 
(i. W. Gillinore, merchant, Ky. ; M. Deiwert, mer- 
cliant, Effingham co.; Dr. Charles Dennis, den- 
tist, Ohio; J. F. Croft, boot & shoemaker, Eng- 
hind; R. F. Lawson, editor; Chas. Ryan, New 
York, livery man; S. M. Stokely, Pa., salesman, 
uiachinist; Mrs. M. R. Lawwill, hay prc^js; Dr. 
W. O. Smith, lud.; J. N. Street, Montgomery co.. 
School Supt. ; F. A. Pruett, Anna Chalfant, Katie 
(jrove, Mrs. A. E. Whittaker, teachers; 

E. S. Mendenhall, England, nursery; J. Nel- 
son, watchmaker, Denmark; P. 0. Thrane, tailor, 
Denmark; G. Fenster, restaurant, Germany; Miss 
M. A. Songer, merchant, Marion co. ; H. F. Green, 
Ohio, druggist; W. M. Chapman, grocer, Marion 
CO.; Mrs. M. E. Hollister, Wayne co., druggist; 
E. C. Bargh, druggist ; D. Gunn, Richview, gro- 
cer ; C. H. West, farmer, Ind. ; Dr. J. D. Camerer, 
Edgar co. ; Rev. J. D. Brown, Ind., M.E. Church 
south ; J. G. Wilson, Scotland, Supt. coal mine. 

A clipping in an old scrapbook tells of the 
discovery of natural gas about 50 years ago G 
miles west of Kinmundy on the farm of Sauuicl 
Holt. He was drilling for water with a steam drill 
Mild at 83 feet the water began to bubble and 
boil. When they discovered what caused tliis 
the family decided to use it for cooking and 
lighting. Mr. Holt said he had found the same 
tiling when he dug his well 30 years before but 
didn't know what to do with the gas. In spite of 
much exploration in this area no oil boom has de- 
veloped here but the big field near Salem gave 
Kinmundy the lift it needed after the depression. 
New people came to live here and have helped 
much in the town's life. 

The .small towns of today are suburbs of the 
nearest large town or city. They have their 
schools and churches, their groceries and general 
stores, their drug stores, post office and filling 
stations just as the shopping centers in the cities. 
There is no need for the clothing stores and other 
businesses which were important when towns 
were isolated and self sufficient. Since the closing 
of the mine, Kinmundy depends on agriculture 
and not on industry. Larger factories elsewhere 
iiow make the baskets for the fruit so there are 
no basket factories or cooperages. 



There are pleasant humcs, lovely gardens, 
and friendly people. All aioiiinl us are pro.sperous 
farms and beautiful eomitiysidr. New homes are 
being built and old ones ifiiiiideled and in tliis 
Centennial year we can be pleased and i)roud of 
tiie only Kinmundy in the U.S.A. 

In an old scrap book we found obituaries of 
cai'ly citizens who should be mentioned, since 
they were unusual peoi^le and since they left no 
descendants to remember them. Dr. A. J. G. Hall 
Wily born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1819 and 
died in Kinmundy April 1, 1909. He was gradu- 
ated from the Medical College of Bochas, Ger- 
man}', and spoke seven languages. He came to 
the United States in 18-49 and married Julia 
Gould in Washington Territory in 1865. They 
came to Kinmundy in 1869. Mrs. Hall was born 
in London and went on the stage at the age of 
five. She was a pupil of Balfe and appeared in 
his "Bohemian Girl" and other operas. After 
(;oming to this country, she made three trips to 
tlie west coast, appearing on the stage in the 
early days of California. She taught music and 
painting in Kinmxmdy and there are still paint- 
ings around that were done under her instruc- 
tion. Mrs. Hall died at 68 but Dr. Hall lived to 
be almost 90. 

Also, Mr. W. H. Brewer, who always car- 
ried the flag in the Decoration Day parade be- 
cause he was six feet seven inches tall. He was 
born in 1841 in Bear Creek, Alabama, and came 
to a farm near Eastland cemetery southwest of 
Kinmundy, shortly after the close of the Civil 
War. Later he moved to the last house on East 
Fourth street, in Kiummidy, where he lived many 
years. He died in Biloxi, Mississippi, at the age 
of 9'J, and was buried in Eastland cemetery which 
he had helped to foimd. 

In an old part of the cemetery near the 
graves of Col. Booth and Capt. Sprouse is a grave 
with a plain headstone, and the inscription reads, 
Enuis Taylor, Hampshire Co. Virginia. A confed- 
erate soldier. This was for a long time Kinmun- 
dy "s unknown soldier. 

The story goes that during the Civil war a 
prison train stopped in Kinmundy on its way to 
exchange prisoners, and one young lad, Avho had 
died en route, was buried hastily in a shallow 
grave by the tracks. Isaac Eagan, discovering 
this, had the boy properly buried and the grave 
marked. Many years later a Kiumundian, who 
had come from West Virginia, recognized the 
name and got in touch with the family. 

In a letter, received by Mrs. Pearl Fisher, in 
1941 when she was head of the Cemetery Associa- 
tion, a sister-in-law wrote that a cousin had been 
on the same prison train and had told the family 
of the death and burial and they expected never 
to be able to find the grave. They were overjoyed 
when they were told and could come to Kinmundy about 
1920 and find the grave. They were touched by the kind- 
ness shown them and their loved one and later sent mon- 
ey to have the grave put in perpetual care. On Decora- 
tion day it is not forgotten by people who know the story. 



Page Nineteen 




stole one ot the Lowe be 
Flanagan, the poUceman. 
not identified. 



I lust wai Jennie Philhps sits in front of their 
up m tioiit of then store, and it looks like Bob 
on his vest in front of W. W. Neils. Others are 



Below, George Tomlinson, standing, Chas. Witwer and Noah Robnett seated, next one not 
identified. Doc Laswell and someone sit on his doorstep, and Bert Williams sits with Clabe 
Cockrell in front of Rohrboughs store, farther down Miss Mollie Songers, and then the 
bank. Other people not identified. 




I'liis page compliuients of 
JESSE GEORGE, General Men-liaiidise 



Page Twenty 



ELOCUTIONARY!! 

—AND— 

MUSICAL! 

ENTERTAINMENT, AT 

EAGAN'S HALL 

—ON— 

Friday Eve, May 22, 1885 

—BY— 

Miss Gertrude Gwynn's Glass. 



Programme: 

PART I. 

Music - Vandalia Glee Club 

Young Lochinvar Mrs. Kilpatrick 

Reverie Before Church Mamie Songer 

Music Vandalia Glee Club 

Aunty Doleful Annie Whittaker, Helen Rohrbough 

Tom - - Katie Groves 

Jack Harry Wilson 

Music - Vandalia Glee Club 

Pyrimus and Thisbe - - - Annie Elder 

Nick Vanstann Helen Rohrbough 

European Guides - Harry Whittaker 

Music Vandalia Glee Club 

Ride of Jennie McNeal Bert Hollister 

Socrates Snoocks Lotta Neil 

Sliip of Faith Gertrude Gwynn 

Music .- Vandalia Glee Club 



Leap Year In A Village With 
One Young Gentleman. 

A Drama In Three Acts. 



DRAMATIS PERSONAE: 



Matilda Dix - 


Katie Groves 




Mary Elder 








Lou Blakslee 




Bert Hollister 


JpdPdiah Brown A M. 


N. V. Lovell 




ADMISSION: 
CHILDREN 15 CENTS - ADULTS 25 CENTS. 



Doors open at 7:30. Performance to commence at 
8 o'clock. 



Without extra charge reserved seats may be 
secured at Miss M. A. Songer's store. 



WEDNESDAY EVE, APRIL 13th, 1887 

Piano - SOIREE - Organ 
MlJSIi:ALE 

Mrs. Lou Miller's (lass Assisted by 
Volunteer Vocalists. 

Encourage your home talent, and note 
the impiovenient made by the class. An 
evening of rare enjoyment promised you 

EAGAN'S OPERA HALL 

NOTE THE NOVELTIES 
IN THIS PROGRAM. 

Greeting Song By Class 

Ripples of the Alabama, (Pianoj Mrs. Lou Miller 

Belle Pountaine (Piano) ._ Miss Josie McBryde 

Palling Leaves (Piano; Miss Anna Elder 

Eherin on the Rhine (Song) Miss Sallie Letton 

Miss Maude McBryde 
Schottish (Piano) . Glen Harlan 

MRS. WILLIS' WILL. 

DRAMATIS PERSONAE. 
Mrs. Robinson, (Mrs. Willis' Executrix) 

Miss Anna Elder 

Lady Spindle, (haughty and dignified) 

Miss Josie McBryde 

Mrs. Dwindle, (a votary of fashion) 

„ Miss Sallie Dardon 

Jennie, (,a farm servant) Miss Sarah Glazebrook 

Rachel, (Mrs. Robinson's servant) Miss Mamie Songer 

Brilliant Variations, "When You and I were 

Young," Mrs. Lou Miller 

The Storm at Sea, i piano) . Miss Mamie Songer 
"Lauterbach" Miss Maude McBryde 
Little Red Rose, (Inst.) Mrs. Lou Miller 

TWO SONGS 

My Johnny is a Shoemaker, 

O! You Little Darling I love You. 

Egypt's Humming Bird. Gertie Tyner, of Mason. 

THE FORTUNE TELLER 

Bass— Pred Snelhng. Alto— Miss Minnie Tyner. 

Tenor— Will Reynolds. Soprano— Mrs. O. N. Tyner. 
Chorus, Good Night Class 

DIAGRAM OF HALL AND 
TICKETS AT TYNER'S. 

Admission. lOc, Adults 15c., Reserved Chairs 5c. Extra 

DOORS OPEN AT 6:30. 
CURTAIN RISES AT 7:30. 



Page Twenty -One 





South side of Third Street from tlie railroad going up "Quality Hill," in the 
early 1900s. 

These pictures eompliments of 
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK, Kinmundy 
('RAIN'S CAFE, Kinnnmdy KINMUNDY BUILDING & LOAN 

SALEM, FLOWERS, Salem NATTIER'S VOGUE SHOP, Salem 



Page Twenty-Two 



Uim^^0^»^l 



^.::;f 



This ^^as lhm^U'\ 
tlu'w \ li.iriioss sli( 
Dr. H. L. Hannah 
others. 



, store, also known as the Compaoy store. Next was Mat- 
]) <ind tlie big corner building housed Dunlap's seed store, 
office, Allen's carpenter shop, Ellis Woolf's tin shop, and 




,..,!. .Muith's livery stable in the days when y<.u ^:uulu . a l.u.^.^ 

instead of an automobile. The calaboose is to the lelt willi the cooper shop 
behind. 

This page compliments of 

DR. AND I\IRS. DWIGIIT IIANNA 



Page Twenty-Three 



^U ^M^^«ynY^UI/^ n/i (J- 



CAsa 



OUT 



59 



LOTS 



^ 



'7 



\S. J-{u.qgii 



%CHE9RY 



ST. 



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TTSFitiT 









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street East of Lincoln 
Is Eagan 

Streets East of 

Washington 

Goodwin 

Porter 









Songer_ 
4 



Inqram 



MORE ST 



Chas. J/olugII 
SS 



63 

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II 


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10 


IS . 


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sr 



^g ^ V~Minrni/ridL/ 



M'illinq Co. 

SI 



Mrs W. C Bern ICC 



-rf 

J 



r/P5T 



HI&WWAV 37 



LOT 'i 


S 



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SECON D 






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.nl 


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CLOSED 





'^^1^'" 



Third street west from the I. C. raih-oad. Mrs. Jessie Embser says lier grandfather. Isaac 
Heaton built this building for a store about 1860 and rented it till he moved to town. His 
farm, south of town, was a station on the "underground railroad" during the civil war. 
Between this store and the railroad stood Rohrboughs mill. 




The old Songer mill, which was built in 1868, and made flour and corn meal till milling 
became the specialized business it now is. The Ingram brothers ran it many years and 
now Ingram sons ship the grain for the community. They are descendents of the first 
James Harvey Gray. 

This page compliments of 

INGRAM'S ELEVATOR, Kinmundy 

KINMUNDY LUMBER CO. 




Page Twenty-Six 




nisL loui buildings die blill Uuic out. Uic Opt,i.i Houcl ■ulli Oi 
Camerer'i office. Rices Stoie and otlieib aie gone 



I here was once an 
the picture The 
Meat Maiket, Dr. 



lift. 







The old light plant, whose wlublle suimcied lor ;ill the fires and wrecks, as well as the 
ba.sket ball victories. It furnished electricity from dusk to 10 or 11 p.m. You were sup- 
posed to be home by then. You heated your irons, and cooked on coal or wood stoves, and 
cooled with ice, so you didn't need electricity in the daytime. 
This page compliments of 

FARINA LUMBER CO., GEILER'S GARAGE, Kinmnndy 

L. M. Westphal 

D C, DAY, Standard Oil Dealer ATLAS TIRE & SERVICE STATION 
Kinmundy Kiumundy 



Page Twenty-Seven 







Looking west on the south side of Third Street across from the ^lethndisi 
Church, about 1908. The first house was George Elder's, now Dr. Franklin's, 
the second one, Frank Smith's, is gone and the new parsonage stands there, 
the third was W. W. Neil's, later C. F. Pruett's. 



WiWSSSSSSSiiiJS 




This page courtesy of these Kinmundians 



E. E. JAHRAUS 

MULVANEY'S LAUNDRY 

WHITE'S FEED AND PRODUCE 

JACKSON'S TEXACO SERVICE STATION 

W. A. FRANKLIN, M.D. 



WHITNEY'S GROCERY 

HENRY HASSEBROCK 

MAHAN & MOTCH 

HAMPSTEN'S GROCERY 

DOOLEN'S BARBER SHOP 



4.._.._.._.._.. 

Page Twenty-Eight 



ENTERTAINMENT 

The earliest entertainments were the husking bees, barn 
raisings, (juiltings and such. Candy and box suppers were 
continued until the present. Taffy pulls were popular in the 
rarlv 19n0s, as a way to raise m"ney f"r a l"dge "i- chiireli, 
•irid tluM there ^\ere the ehurch dnuiers and lee cream soi-ials 

Tlic Euicka Keaihng Club was founded m 187.') and ga\e 
liM\.iti HMdni-rs until 1^77 when tlie\ began to gi\e pla> s and 
piililh .MMt.iimiK nts Tlu'N disbanded iii l'^^^ with a baiKiuef 
,1 v,,u ,,v II , 1 








^^^ M^ 



W0M 



l(ip lo E R H. 1 t r \\ KiUu Hon i I Ostei Paul Sandhofei, 
O. N. Tjnei. Second low J H Nclmt, Fllis \ illow Chas Beavei, 
Hershel Vallow. Third row, Chas. Vallow. J. B. Brenner, E. A. SnelUng, 
G. W. SnelUng, B. Bruce. Bottom row. W. D. Reynolds, F. S. Songer, 
Orval Foster, J, B. Garner. Picture taken about 1896. 

The location of Eagan's Hall has not been discovered, 
hut it was the site for the early graduation ceremonies, and 
other meetings and entertainments. Then there was Haj'- 
worth's Opera House which burned in the fire of 1903. It was 
rebuilt on the same lots and again burned in 1916. This last 
one was the scene of class plays, graduations, and the stock 
companies who u.sed to tour in the days before radio, movies, 
and television. The Reynolds and Tyner Stock Companies 
were welcomed as artists and hometown folks. They played in 
the Opera House in the winter and in tents in the summer. 

Speaking of tents, remember the Chatauqua? It w^as held 
ill the Park and for one week gave afternoon and evening 
performances which ranged from famous .speakers, preachers, 
and chalk talks to music of all kinds. One of the favorite acts 
was the Swiss Bell Ringers, a group who performed behind 
a long table on wlii.li lulls were arranged harmoniealh'. They 
woidd play anytliiiiL: finiu Poet and Peasant to Annie Laurie, 
dashing up and duw ii to ring the bell or group of bells with 
the proper notes. 

About 50 years ago '"Uncle T" (Jlr. Tyner) showed col- 
ored lantern slides at the K. P. Hall. The K. P.s also had a 
wonderful contraption which could be placed in front of a 
]iiano and by inserting a roll and pumping the pedals you 
could play a tune. This was replaced by a player piano and 
those syncopated numbers — "Eileen", "Florene", "Nights of 



Gladness". "Uncle T" also played 
them for us in his music store while 
we danced outside on the sidewalk. 

There were movies, too, with col- 
ored slides of songs, and "The Per- 
ils of Pauline" or "The Million 
Dollar Mystery" every Saturday 
afternoon. 

Prom earliest days Kiiiiiiuiuly 
seems to have had bands ami or- 
chestras. In the oldest papers there 
are piano advertisements, music 
teachers, and recitals. E. A. SnelUng 
was (Die of the early band directors 
aiul tlie old band .stand, which was 
I'ccently torn down, was built ni 
1888. Mr. Snelling and the mer- 
chants of Kinnuuidy were amateurs 
in the true sense of the word, they 
played for the love of it, practicing 
after they closed their stores for 
the evening, and giving a conceri 
on Saturday night. Ben Phillips, 
with his cornet, was the leader 
about the time of the first war. and 
he always closed the program witli 
••Till We Meet Again." 

A high school band was organ- 
ized in 1930 by Mr. Tessman. In 
1935 Mr. Fi-ank Hickman created 
much interest in bands and there 
have been been bands since then. 
In 1951 music was added as a school 
course, a chorus was organized aiut 
the band reorganized. The students 
have done well in competition and 
iiave given very good concerts un- 
der the guidance of Bill Pottebaum, 
this last season. He has composed a 
Kinmundy Centennial March which 
will be used in the Celebration. He 
leaves this year to continue his 
studies at the Eastman School of 
Music. 



The BAND BOOSTERS were or- 
ganized on May 19, 1953, with 40 
charter members. Carl Broeker, who 
was band instructor at the time, was 
the first president. (Mrs. Nila Col- 
clasure, vice president ; Mrs. Lura 
Robnett, recording secretary; Mrs. 
Elizabeth Lux, corresponding secre- 
tary; and Virgil See, treasurer.) 
They work to earn money for band 
activities and provide new instru- 
ments and other necessities. Under 
their auspices the baud presents 
three concerts, one at Easter, one at 
Christmas, and the summer ice cream 
social and concert. The membership 
has increased to 80 and they meet 
once a month. Mrs. Alta Diss is pres- 
ident, Mrs. Bertha See, seeretarj-. 



Page Twenty-Nine 




A group uf liidica .vol uut lur a picuiy iu Davis woods or Sii\uci > .-|m m^^ 
111 the background is Killie's grocery, Cox's restaurant, the tree in front of 
Mrs. Dennis' house and millinery shop, and the barber shop. The far corner 
was Wetter 's saloon, later the newspaper office, now a vacant lot. 




Snyder's Springs was the favorite place for Sunday School picnics for many 
years. The trip was made on a hay wagon or in your buggy or surrey. A 
trolley ride which stretched from the grove down to the springs below was 
the favorite amusement. A pulley wheel, with a cross bar to hold on to trav- 
eled on the wire, you hung on and whizzed through space to the bottom of 
the hill. 

Compliments of 

EGYPTIAN NUESERY, Farina 

DISS TRUCKING, Kinmundy 




Al.ovi Tiic -.mmI old win 

feiieos around tlicm. The J' 



(lencc before remodeling'. 



Below — This picture was made from an old photographic plate made by Iluf: 
Spencer, lent bv the Ernsts. Mr. Speneer takes a ride in the cutter. Note 1,1 
Slei-hbells (.n the horse. 




Compliments 



FRANCIS HAMMER, SEALTEST 
DISTRIBUTOR 



BYRON SILL, QUALITY USED 
CARS 



C. E. liAILEY DRILLING CO. 



E. A. ERNST & SONS, PUREBRED 
ANGUS SINCE 1933 



Page Thirty-One 



Communications 



NEWSPAPERS 

In his trip tlirougli the United States during 
the Civil War, Anthony Trollope was amazed at 
the number of newspapers which were printed. 
Everyone read newspapers. Kinmundy has had 
its sliare, too. The Kinmundy Telegram was start- 
ed on March 13, 1867 by Col. J. W. Filler who 
sold it to H. H. Chesley and in 1868 it was bought 
by two printers, 'Bryant and Pyles. 'Bryant 
bought out Pyles and changed it to the Kinmun- 
dy Democrat and supported Seymour and Blair 
in the campaign but after the election in Novem- 
ber it was changed to the Kinmundy Independ- 
ent. Edward Freeman bought this in 1873 and 
continued it for at least 10 years as we have 
copies of one dated 1876 and another dated 1883. 
The latter carries his obituary and notes that 
liis sons will now continue the paper. The Pas- 
toral Visitor, a religious monthly edited by Rev. 
N. B. Cooksey for the M.E. church, was also 
printed by the Independent. Uui'ing this time 
Pyles started the Kinmundy Bulletin on Jan. 1, 
1875, advocating retrenchment and reform in 
government, and democratic principles for the 
country at large. This published 13 nvunbers only. 

W. L. Arnold started the Kinmundy Regis- 
ter in 1879 and it lasted 26 issues. In 1881 G. W. 
Rutherford moved the Reform Leader from San- 
doval to Kinmxuidy. It had quite a circulation as 
an advocate of the greenback policy. 

R. F. Lawson started the Kinmundy Express 
on Nov. 8, 1883, as he stated in the paper's slo- 
gan — "in the intei'ests of Dick Lawson and Kin- 
mundy." In 1890 he bought the double brick 
buikUng which was later to house the company 
store. He crusaded for a bridge over the I. C. R.R. 
on 2nd street. Miss Evelyn Killie remembers set- 
ting type for him. She and Mrs. Pearl Fisher later 
worked for Grissom when he bought The Express. 
In 1898 F. 0. Grissom came down from Farina 
to help get the paper out one week and never 
went back. He bought the Journal which had 
been brought from Patoka and for a while pub- 
lished both till he merged them after the fire of 
1903. His .shop burned again the following July 
in the block where the filtering plant now is. 

He then moved into a house east of the Il- 
linois Central depot (now Arnold's.) There he 
sold it to Gus Spitze, formerly a teacher in Kin- 
mundy high school. Spitze moved it down to the 
old Wetter building (now gone) and sold to Lem 
Ballance who sold to Norris Vallow. Vallow mov- 
ed it one door soutli into the building he still 
occupies. Besides the Express, Vallow prints a 
Methodist paper, a Gideon paper, and the Marion 
Co. Farmer. 

Early newspapers were large sheets of pa- 
per folded in half and then folded again making 
8 pages, or folded once making 4 pages. In the 
1900s they were still made in tlie same way and 
only part was local news, in hand set type, the 



rest, being more like magazine articles on world 
affairs, jokes, home remedies and recipes. They 
received these large sheets, already printed on 
one side. Since type is set by linotypes and not 
mucli by hand it is now possible to make up the 
entire newspaper locally. 

TELEPHONES 

The first mention of telephones found when 
compiling this historj' was in an 1883 paper which 
stated that on Nov. 15 E. Heriuck and B. Blakes- 
lee had gone to Salem to work up a telephone. 
For the rest of this information we are indebted 
to W^ill Ross. The earliest phone he remembers 
connected Andy Young's hardware store with his 
house. The store was the now vacant room south 
of Jesse George's and the home was on the north 
side of the highway across from the park where 
Frank Davis lived, and Glenn Doolen now lives. 

Eb McBryde had also rigged up some sort 
of speaking arrangement between the McBryde 
store (now Jesse George's) and home (now Har- 
vey Brown's). Whether it worked by wire or not 
is not known. The apparatus of Young's used 
wire and batteries and the speaker signalled and 
then hung up till the person at the other end 
signalled back, then the conversation was car- 
ried on. In these early days there was a local 
long distance line from Mt. Vernon to Effingham 
with a booth in the Ryan Hotel, a phone in the 
Company Store and probably one at the mine 
which were both projects cf Chas. Hull at thai 
time. Mr. Hull built the first local exchange in 
1898. It was located over the Company store 
(empty lot south of Dunlap's). 

About 1904 Mr. Hidl moved his exchange to 
the Hultz home (now Harvey Brown's). He had 
perhaps 15 lines running in to this switchboard 
and Katie Hultz was the operator. Hull at one 
time owned or controlled all phones of Marion 
County except Ceutralia Bell. 

About 1905 W^ill Storrs started a new mu- 
tual exchange which he built up to 180 phones 
and went into competition with Hull. This was 
on the second floor of the Masonic Temple. 

In this era you bought your own instrument, 
strung your own wire to the city limits and the 
exchange did the rest. This was the age of Mu- 
tuals and there were groups in Salem, Odin, Pa- 
toka, Sandoval, Vernon, luka, and Omega, the 
latter being one of the big ones and having 400 
members. A salesman would come through and 
sell everyone in the area a phone and the new 
company would be started. 

On October 11, 1910, Will Ross bought out 
Storrs, and continued operating in the same 
building. In 1913 the first real toll line from Sa- 
lem Commercial Telephone and Telegi-aph Co. 
was installed. Before this open wires were used 
and service was not very clear but this was a 
No. 9 metallic circuit which was a big improve- 



Page Thirty-Two 




Above — Tlie streets were worse iu those days am 
elegant, but we had a bank on each corner then. 

Below— "23" passing the old coal mine. The Illinois Central south-bound 
came in at 5:23 p.m. and you came back on it from a day spent in Farina. 
The pupils from Alma went home from school on it instead of buses. 




Compliments of 
BARGH'S DRUG STORE LEE'S PHILLIPS 66, ROUTE 37 

CHRIS JASPER SHOE REPAIR GORDON POOL ROOM 



Page Thirty-Three 



nieiit. The Bell Company brought in a toll line 
from Ceutralia about the same time. 

lu 1920, Ross sold his exchange to the Com- 
mercial Telephone and Telegraph Company of 
Salem and went to Salem as Manager for their 
Salem and Kinmiuidy exchanges. In 192-t this 
company sold out to Bell. They moved the Kin- 
mundy exchange to the first floor of the now va- 
cant building on Madison Street just below Dmi- 
lap 's. There it remained until 1955 when the dial 
system was iustalled and a new building was 
built on Jefferson street next to the Fire Depart- 
ment. 

ELECTRICITY 
In the late 90s when Leander Matthews was mayor, 
the city of Kinmundy set about to build its own light 
plant. They inspected plants in other towns and then 
built one of their own on the site of Reno's mill on Jef- 
ferson and 4th street. This fm-nished DC current made 
by a dynamo which was turned by a coal-fired steam en- 
gin. They had about 100 customers and the streets were 
lit at the corners by the old carbon lamps. W. G. Sims 
was the first superintendent. About 1909, J. C. Lee 
bought the plant from the city for $10,000 to be paid in 



Installments for ten years. During the first war coal 
cost five times what the price had been when the con- 
tract was made, so Mr. Lee was unable to fulfill his 
agreemint and sold it back to the city. He continued to 
operate it for them until 1937 when it was sold to Cen- 
tral Ilhnois Public Service company and the city signed 
a 25 year contract to buy power from that company. 

In the 1920s the plant was overhauled and chang- 
ed to AC cun-ent. More electric equipment was being 
used and it became necessary to standardize current so 
that irons, fans, etc. could be used anywhere. The many 
electrical appUances that we now use did not become 
practical in small towns and country until the big power 
lines went through. 

WATER 

In 1953 Kinmundy built its own water plant. This 
was especially useful last year when many wells were dry 
because of the drought. The water is pumped from the 
I. C. reservoir to the filtering plant (used to be the old 
calaboose) and then to the tank which stands where 
Washington and East street join. There are 250 cust- 
omers. 

Fifty years ago houses with ruiming water had 
tanks in the attic and water was pumped from well or 
cistern up to these, and then fed by gravity into the 
water system. Later windmills, then gasoline engines and 
finally electricity did the job. 



FraternalOrganizations and Clubs 



KINMUNDY LODGE NO. :i98, A.P.&A.M. 
was chartered on October 5, 1864, and held its 
first meetings in the home of Col. Booth on West 
Fourth Street. There were nine charter members, 
B. H. Bodwell being Worshipful Master. As more 
members were added the meeting place was 
changed to the hall over Blakeslee's Store on the 
southwest corner of Third and Madison. After 
several other meeting places on Madison Street, 
they built a temple of their own on the site of 
the present temple and dedicated it on Jan. 10, 
1902. This burned in the fire which destroyed 
that block on Dec. 2, 1903. They met temporarily 
in the K.P. hall but planned to rebuild and moved 
into the present building in September, 1904. 

They celebrated their Diamond Jubilee in 
1940, with 135 members. The present member- 
ship is 178. James Strieker is Worshipful Master. 

The MAYFLOWER CHAPTER OF THE 
ORDER OF EASTERN STAR was foimded Sept. 
11, 1891. All of its records were lost in the fire 
of' 1903. On Feb. 11, 1908, a meeting was called 
in the Masonic hall by 20 dimitted members of 
the Mavflower Chapter asking for a charter for 
Kinmiuidy Chapter No. 606. A. U. Allen acted 
as chairman, and Bessie King was secretary. 
The charter was granted April 7, 1908, and Farina 
Chapter No. 112 O.B.S. instituted the new lodge. 
The first officers installed were Worthy Matron, 
Ellen K. Donovan; Worthy Patron, Raymond 
Walters ; secretary, Bessie King ; treasurer, M. A. 
Babcock. This chapter is still active having a 
membership of 125. Mrs. Marge Boyd is Worthy 
Matron. 

The MODERN WOODMEN was established 
August 30, 1889, but it no longer holds meetings. 
Their women's affiliate, the ROYAL NEIGH- 



BORS OF A:MERICA was organized March 13. 
1897, by Deputy Supreme Oracle D. C. Kingsley 
and was one of the first camps ever organized. 
They still meet, though they are not a large group 
any more. Mrs. Betty Wagoner is Oracle. 

The I.O.O.F. ROSEDALE LODGE NO. 354 
was chartered Oct. 9, 1867, with eight members. 
It was very active for many years and owned its 
own building, but that was lost in the fire of 
1903. It no longer meets in KLinniuidy, members 
from here go to the Farina or Salem Chapter. 

The ROSEDALE REBEKAH LODGE NO. 
371 was instituted Nov. 20, 1895, by the Salem 
Lodge with 34 charter members. Miss Mary 
Shriver was the first Noble Grand. Lois Heaton 
of Pueblo, Colo., and Lib Humphrey Gramley of 
Westwood, Calif., are the only charter members 
now living. The group still meets and takes care 
of its organizations. It is now the oldest organ- 
ization in Kinmundy. Mrs. Carrie Yeager is Noble 
Grand. 

Organizations in the early daj's were the 
Royal Templars of Temperance, Fidelity Lodge 
No". 24, organized in 1880, and the Kinmiuidy 
Lodge 1091, Knights of Honor, organized May 31, 
1878. with 13 charter members. In the early 1900s 
the Knights of Pythias Clipper Lodge No. 413 
with its Pythian Sisters took a most active part 
in the town's social life. None of these meet 
now. 

The AMERICAN LEGION POST 519 was 
first organized about 1921 but the rocerds are 
lost aud they seem to have disbanded after a few 
years. They reorganized in November, 1929, and 
"have been active ever since. In 1954 they bought 
(Continued on Page 36) 



Page Thirty-Four 




I)iH'or.itii.)ii Day 1908 Lett to rii^lit, standing. John Sohoenboni, W \ Brewer, 
1. T. Dillon, II". Shafler, .) iluberl, Le\ i Thomas, (Jeo. Fonster, (\ Rolirhough, 
Jack Foster, Denny Ingram and Dr. Smith. Left to right, seated, Bill Neil, 
John Nelms, Howard Nelms, Joel Youngkin, John Doolen, John Miller, Wm. 
Coleman. T. J. Greenlee. Hi Ilerriek, Wm. Brown, Chris Shaffer and J. F. 
Donovan. 




Hi OTJH, 





Kebuilding the opera house after the fire of 1903. 

This page courtesy of these Farina Merchants 
FRANK WOERNER & SONS, HOWELL MOTOR CO., J. COTTRSON 



FORD TRACTORS 



BOSTON CHEVROLET 

GALE BOSTON, OWNER 



Page Thirty -Five 



the first floor of the Masonic Temple building 
and occupied it, as theii" first ijermaueut home, in 
August 1955. They have been most generous in 
lending it for meetings and activities for the 
Centennial. With the Ladies Auxiliary they main- 
tain several wheelchairs and hospital beds whicii 
are available free to any person in the community 
who needs them. The present Commander is Gil- 
bert Doolen, and there are 110 members. 

Kinmundy has had soldiers in ail wars, In- 
dian, Mexican, on both sides of the Civil War, 
Spanish, World Wars I and II and the Korean 
conflict. These graves ai-e remembered each Dec- 
oration Day by the Legion. 

The LADIES AUXILIARY OF POST 519 
was organized on Oct. 16, 19-±7,_with '6'6 charter 
members, 27 new and 6 who transferred their 
membership from Salem, where they had belong- 
ed while there was no Auxiliary in Kinmundy. 
Mrs. Pearl l^'isher acted as temporary chairman 
till the new officers were elected. The first pres- 
utent was Mrs. Maxiue Robb. The present presi- 
dent is Mrs. Lela Mae Doolen and there are 83 
members. 

The KINMUNDY WOMAN'S CLUB v/a.s or- 
ganized about 1911. Mrs. George H. Mayer was 
Its first president. She was treasurer of the Illi- 
nois State Federation that year and in 1914 was 
delegate for the 23rd district to the Biennial Con- 
vention of the General Federation in Chicago. It 
was a very active club in those years and seems 
to have continued till 1940. 

The present club was organized on July Hi, 
1946, with Mrs. R/.chard Broom, president, and 
46 members. Throughout the years they have ac- 
complished much for the community. In 1951 the 
children's choir, under the direction of Mrs. F. 0. 
Grissom, won honor for the club and Kinmundy at 
the State convention in Chicago. Mrs. Eugene Shu- 
feldt served as recording secretary of the 2lird dis- 
trict for 1952-54 and Mrs. W. A. Franklin was 
county president in 1956. This Cciiteiuiial lUiok 
was a club project originally and tlie\' luive done 
much for the Centennial Celebration. jMrs. Huffy 
Ilanna is president. The Junior Woman's Club, 
which was organized in 1955, is also known for its 
civic work. Mrs. Henry J. Steinlicht is president. 

The PARENTS AND TEACHERS ASSOCI- 
ATION, with 188 members this year, is one of 
the strongest organizations in the community. 
It is believed to have begun about 1914 and was 
instituted by the late Mrs. Fannie Simpson 
Schwartz (originally a Kinmundian) who started 
the PTA in Marion county. Mrs. Annie Young 
was the first president. About 1936 it became 
very active and began its fine health progi-am, 
giving diphtheria and scarlet fever shots in the 
schools; and its Summer Roundup, which i.s a 
medical examination, including eyes and teetli, 
for children of pre-school age. It was instrumen- 
tal in getting the equipment for the school cafe- 
teria, and the latest project was the handsome 
new curtain for the stage in the new High School 



gymnasium. Mrs. Margaret Shufeldt is the out- 
going ])resideut and Mrs. Lura Robuett, the new 
president. 

4-H CLUBS train yoimg people in home- 
making and agricultural pursuits and are tuider 
the direction of the Comity home and farm ad- 
visors. Pioneers in this work in Kinmundy were 
Katherine Wormley and Mrs. Jessie Vallow, who 
were group leaders for many years, and organ- 
ized the Aienuettes. From this group Kay Green- 
wood won recognition at the State Fair for her 
(•lothiiig i^rojects. 

This j'ear the Kinmundy Menuettes 4-H Club 
is a group of 25 girls whose leaders are Mrs. 
iJorotiiy McCulley and Mrs. Lora Ingram. Sue 
Ernst IS the president and Carol George the sec- 
retary-treasurer. They meet twice monthly at the 
Home Ec room in the High School. This year they 
all have food projects and will study all phases, 
from baking to freezing foods, and meal plan- 
ning. A demonstration and talk is given at each 
meeting. 

The Wide Awake 4-H club has agricultural 
projects and was organized in 1949 by Gene 
Ernst. The first club had 9 members and Bettj' 
Ernst was the president. Members of this group 
liave won recognition at various fairs : Nolan 
McKitrick for public speaking on safety, and 
Warren and Robert Shufeldt for their entomo- 
logical display at the 1956 State Fair. Garry 
Ernst had Grand Champion Angus steer in Mar- 
ion County in 1956 and 8th place for an Angus 
heifer in the Land 'o Lincoln contest. 

The PLEASURE HOUR CLUB was organ- 
ized March 27, 1923 by a group of young mar- 
ried couples who met once a month at each oth- 
ers' homes for an evening of pleasure. It is still 
very active and is fortunate that in its 34 years 
it has lost only three members by death, A. J. 
Young, Hubert M. Fisher and Walter S. Pruett. 

The JOLLY GIRLS CLUB was first organ- 
ized in 1944 by Mrs. Clifton Lemaj' and was call- 
ed the Friendly Circle. It was abandoned about 
1946 but reorganized in 1948. At present it has 
14 member's, who, at each meeting, help their 
hostess with household tasks, such as ironing, 
mending, quilting or such tasks. 

The WEST SIDE THIMBLE CLUB was a social 
and fancy work club (started by Mrs. Dora Brenner and 
Mrs. R. P. McBryde It is said) which flourished in the 
early 1900s when ladies had time and inclination for 
things embroidered and crocheted. The membership was 
kept to 24, and at the Christmas party, each member 
gave, and received 24 presents, perhaps a chamois with 
ribbon and lace, hand whipped around the edge. (For 
those who don't remember, these were the fore-runners 
of the powder puff.) The ladies were always willing to 
teach any child how to make the things they were mak- 
ing and are part of the past we remember fondly. 

The SIX G'S (whose name was never explained) 
was also a social club but this one was noted for the ele- 
gance of its entertainments and members vied with each 
other for unusual decorations and refreshments. It is 
believed to have originated with Mrs. Will Gray, and its 
members were the social leaders of the town. It is no 
^longer active. 



Page Thirty-Six 




flR 



F 




MRS. BEN MILLICAN, CUSTOM RUG 
WEAVING 



MRS. HATTIE HUDDLESTON, CUSTOM 
RUG WEAVING 



ga Busiuessef 



HUGO WAGONER, GARAGE. GENERAL 
REPAIRING 



ANDREW MULVANEY. BLACKSMITH 
SHOP 



LESLIE EBLIN, GROCERY & MDSE. GEORGE FISK, GROCER 

and Kinmnndy Businesses 
VIRGIL SEE, SEE'S PONY FARM INA'S BEAUTY SHOP 

ROBERT LANE, TRUCKING PHYLLIS' BEAUTY SHOP 



Page Thirty-Seven 




Greens steam enyn 
G. C. Doolen farm- 



This community was settled as an ag- 
ricultural community, and lias remained 
so, though many changes have come 
about. When the early settlers came, the 
prairie was covered with 6 foot high 
grass that had never been cut. They set- 
tled near the creeks, and cleared spaces 
in the woods for cabins, and fields to 
grow only what they, or their neighbors 
would consume. If they did grow any 
surplus, it was hauled by wagon to St. 
Louis, to be sent by boat to New Orleans, 
or back up the Ohio to the east. It was 
tlie custom, they say, for farmers in this 
area to have "drives" in the fall. Neigh- 
bors would collect all their livestocik, 
poultry, butter, anything they had to sell, 
and set out for St. Louis. The chickens 
were in coops, the butter in barrels, and 
these were hauled by wagon, while cattle 
and other livestock, even turkeys, would 
be driven on foot, the whole party camp- 
ing at night along the way. The railroads 
changed all that. They made it possible 
to get produce to market, so it became 
profitable to raise some to sell. Railroads 
were useless without freight to haul, so 
they early encouraged agricultural pur- 
suits. 




Hayricker bought about 1890. One of the first 
in this area. G. C. Doolen Paiin— 1920. 



Agrictitture 

With the invention of reapers and mowers, and 
plows strong enough to break the prairie sod, more 
farms were opened. In the 1850s a great tide of people 
from Europe came to the United States. With the build- 
ing of railroads they were able to settle on farms 
throughout the middle west and many settled near Kin 
inundy, and their names: Kolb, Mettzgar, Stock, Nach- 
niann,' Bilek, Jessman and Tschudi are old names around 
tliis area. 

Early crops were hay, gram and wheat. Timothy 
was important as ha^' and was first grown by James H. 
Uray in Section 15. Hay was shipped in great quantities, 
there being several "hay presses" in Kinmundy which 
baled the hay before shipping. Now it is done by the 
farmer as he cuts it. In the 80s orchards and small fruit 
began to be important. Apples, peaches, pears, straw- 
berries, cherries, and mushmelons, as well as vegetables 
were raised for the market. Later refrigerated cars were 
developed which rushed the produce to the markets. 

One story, explaining how Southern Illinois came 
to be called ^'Little Egypt", tells of the 2 or 3 year 
drought and crop failures in Northern Illinois, which 
caused the upstate farmers to come south for grain. This 
was in 1818, the year Illinois became a state, and the 
wagon train went as far down as Clinton and Jefferson 
Counties, some say down the Effingham-Kinraundy road 
wliicli later became the Egyptian Trail, then Route 37. 
In 1818 there was no Marion County; it was still 
part of Jefferson, and Clinton was part of Bond and 
Washington. This area was then the land of plenty, but 
by the early 1900s, the soil was becoming overcropped 
and poor. There had been no need for rotation of crops 
or conservation when there was plenty more land to use 
as the first became worn out. Fifty years ago it was the 
saying around Kinmundy that we didn't need any col- 
lege boys to tell us how to farm, but after some of the 
farm boys went to college and came back with ideas that 
were pretty helpful, and as new ideas were spread 
through Farmer's Institutes and County Fairs, practices 
were changed and the land built up again. The Lime- 
stone Club was formed and its members subscribed for 
100 carloads of limestone. This was one of the early steps 
in what now is regular procedure, putting back into the 
soil what you take out. 

Modern equipment has made great changes in farm- 
ing in this area. Before combines were used, a threshing 
crew, with a steam engine, toured the countryside. The 
neighbors helped one another, men on the wagons, bring- 
ing the grain from the field to the machine; women in 
tlie kitchen, cooking wonderful meals for the men (and 
assorted children who were lucky enough to be there). 
Who can forget the fried chicken, chicken and dump- 
lings, and country ham; and the pies and cakes which 
to])i)ed off the meal? 

Tractors have probably changed things most, by 
speeding up the work. Fields can be cultivated, planted, 
reai)ed, and brought to town in much less time than wit I) 
horse drawn equipment. 



Page Thirty-Eight 



One man alone can aeeomplisli 
what used to take many. So farm- 
ing this area reflects the great 
.•hanges that have come during a 
ci'utury: fr(nu a bare sustenance 
tor each family to vast quantities 
for world markets; from hay and 
wheat to corn and soybeans as cash 
>-vapA: and about every 20-25 years 
a return of strawberries. 

F. A. I'ruott and .sons, Charles 
and Walter, shipped produce from 
Kiiimundy starting in 1892. In the 
192()s they specialized in eggs and 
in one peak year shipped 300 car- 
loads. They also shipped fruit and 
jobbed flour, feed, etc. The lO'iG as- 
sessor's census shows 153 farms in 
Kinmundy township, 4681 acres of 
soybeans,' 3826 acres of corn, 1279 
acVes of wheat, 1135 acres of oats, 
777 acres redtop, 585 acres clover 
hay, 259 acres rye, and 40 acres of 
barley. Ingram's elevator shipped 
374 carloads of various grains that 
same year. 

There have been Agricultural 
fairs in Illinois since the early 1850s 
according to old record books. Kin- 
mundy organized one on Oct. 1. 
1894, "and held one annually for 
nmny years. Old clippings in scrap 
books tell of the great success of 
tiiese affairs. lu the years before 
the first "World War, the Farmers 
Institute was an event looked for- 
ward to by all. New ideas in farm 
ing and homemaking were demon- 
sti-ated by people from Illinois Uni- 
versity, and from these came the 
ideas "for the Farm Bureau, Home 
Bureau and 4-H movements. From 
the pioneer with his poor hand tools 
to the modern farm and farm house 
in one hundred years is an amazing 
step. Fi-om oxen to crop-dusting 
with airplanes ! ! Changes come more 
rapidly each year — and who can 
sav w'hat comes uext? 



The ]\Iarion County Farm Bureau 
began in 1918. A committee was ap- 
pointed on Jan. 21 of that year, two 
members from Kinmundy being Wm. 
Gray and J. Lem Ballance, and on 
Feb. 4 it was organized with 79 
members. C. W. Vursell was acting- 
secretary at the meeting. Joe 
Hchwartz of Salem was elected pres- 
ident. Its purpose was to hire coun- 
ty agents or farm advisors for coun- 
sel on teclmical problems which 




Some of the membeis of the Umestone Club who wt-u the lust to .slait 
rebuilding the worn out land aiound Kinmundy Lett to nght uont 
row, George Snelling, Harmon Lenhart, Billy Maxey, I. R. Widdis, 
George Spies, Jerome Embser, Billy Morris, Russell Lenhart, Will Gray, 
Chas Hull, Lish Hammers. Back row, John Holt, T. Wilkinson, Chas. 
Shufeldt, Will Shriver, Ed Dillon, Fied Kleiss, J. T. Arnold, George 
Newell, Percy Blake, Lloyd Hammer. 

were increasing as farming became more scientific. They also 
founded cooperatives, insurance groups, etc. 

The first county agent was Fi-ed Blackburn and one of 
the early problems was control of chinch bugs which were a 
menace at that time. John Holt of Kinmundy and Frank Nor- 
ris of Meacham w^ere members of that committee. The Farm 
Bureau works with Illinois University which is a land grant 
college. This means that it was founded with money from the 
sale of public lands, and in return must foster agriculture and 
mechanic arts. The bureau has no local chapters but embraces 
the entire county, with directors from each township. It now 
has 1,998 members. Roy Doolen was president for last year. 

The Kinmundy Unit of the Home Bureau was organized 
in 1945. Only four of the original number are still in the group 
— ^Mrs. Wilma Vandeveer, Mrs. Jessie Vallow, Mrs. Margaret 
Shufeldt aiul Katherine Wormley — and since Katherine has 
just moved to California, that leaves three. They meet one evening 
each month .and a lesson is given on some household subject, cooking, 
sewing, crafts, homemaking, health, etc. These lessons are first given 
by instructors from the University of Illinois Extension bureau at the 
Country headquarters, to two or more from each unit and they in turn, 
instruct their fellow members. The ladies suggest a list of subjects they 
would like to study and the programs are made up from the most popu- 
lar items. The present president is Mrs. Huffy Hanua, and the unit 
has 18 members from both town and country homes. Last year a group 
of young women organized another unit called the Joy Belles, with the 
assistance of Mrs. Ruby Shaffer, then County vice-chairman. They 
have 8 members and their chairman is Mrs. Jane Lowe. They study \,he 
same lessons as the other groups. Both clubs work with the 4-H clubs, the 
Kinmundy Menuettes, Wide Awakes. Meacham Worthwhile, and others. 




G gan^' plow used on Joe Telford Farm between Alma and Kinmundy. 



Page Thirty-Nine 




Cars were really rare when Pleasant Kobnett started tlu.^ garage shown above. 
BeloM- yon see two of the early cars, an Allen and a Dort, for which he had 
the agency, and the garage has grown considerably. Some visitors are shown 
with Noah, Pleasant, Miss Anna and Mrs. Robnett. Behind the Allen yon can 
see the stock barn that used to be there. 




This page courtesy of 
ROBNETT 'S D-X SERVICE, P. F. ROBNETT 



Transportation 



Like many other towns in the mid west, Kiiimuudy 
has been greatly affected by changes in transportation. The 
pioneers came in covered wagons and used oxen for lieavy 
work. In the minutes of the early city council there are 
payments listed for working on the city streets with ox 
team. Our grandparents remember when produce was ship- 
ix'd in wagons to St. Louis or some river port and then on 
hv water to New Orleans or farther. After the covered 
wagon, the .stagecoach was the method of travel, unless 
you walked or rode horseback. 

With the coming of the railroads that was changed. 
People were able to get from one place to another, and 
more important, were able to send their produce to market 
ami get finished goods in return. From the peddler who 
sdUl what lie could carry on his back, as he walked through 
the country, or traveled in a wagon with a little bit of ev- 
erything to sell, we changed to the frontier store, then to 
the general store. 

The Illinois Central created little towns all up and 
down its length wherever it put stations, though the sta- 
tions were probably placed where there was a settlement 
or a good location for one. It had lots of land to sell and 
did lots of advertising to get people to settle in Illinois. In 
its guidebook for 1868, which has descriptions of all towns 
on the railroad, it lists Kinmundy as having 2,000 popula- 
tion, which seems exaggerated; no other listing found was 
more than 1,200. Tonti was built to service Salem which 
as yet had no railroad. Freight was hauled by wagon be- 
tween Salem and Tonti. 

After 1850 the whole country went wild building 
railroads. Many small ones were built which were after- 
wards acquired by the larger companies and merged into 
networks. In the city council minutes for May 19, 1869, 
there is a petition from 30 citizens, asking that the council 
order an election to vote on sub.scribiug $50,000 worth of 
stock in a line to be called the Kinmundy Pana railroad. 

The Chicago, Paducah and Memphis railroad passed 
through Kinmundy in 1896 when tracks were laid from 
Altamont to Marion. This road was acquired by the C. & 
E. I. in 1887, and that company proceeded to connect Shel- 
byville and Altamont, and in 1899 extended its line to 
Thebes on the Missis.sippi, thus the length of the state. 

Mail order houses sped the decline of the small town 
store. Then the railroads offered excursions for shopping. 
If you bought about $25 worth of merchandise the mer- 
clmnts of Centralia would buy your ticket both ways. You 
could go down at 9:30 in the morning, return on old 8:22 
in the evening.. Gradually the stores in small towns were 
not able to compete with the larger places which had be- 
come so accessible. 

Changes came to the railroads, too. An 1876 newspa- 
per lists one mail train north and one south daily except 
Sunday, and express and three freights both ways daily. 
In 1883 the listing shows not only the Illinois Central, but 
tjie Vandalia Line connections in Effingham for St. Louis 
or New York. Cincinnati and Louisville ; and the Ohio and 
Jlis-sissippi connections in Odin for both east and west. 
After 1896 when the C. & E. I. was built you could go to 
Centralia on the I. C. return to Salem on the M. & I., ride 
across town in a horsedrawn hack, and come home on the 
C. & E. I. In these years the hacks met all the trains in 



Kinmundy too, and brought people to 
i(j\vn and to the hotels. 

In the late 1800s and early lilOOs 
I lie drummers (.salesmen they call tlicia 
iKiw) came to town by train and stay- 
cil at one of the hotels. They hired a 
rig from the livery stable and made 
their calls on small stores in the sur- 
rounding territory, that were not on a 
railroad. In those days there were 
morning and evening trains, both 
north- and south-bound that stopped 
here. If you wanted to go to Chicago 
the fast train would stop, or you could 
leave at 9:30 with your lunch (fried 
chicken and deviled eggs) and get to 
Chicago in time for supper. 

During this era the raih-oads were growing, 
more traltic meant bigger locomotives and 
that meant more water tor steam. A larger 
lake was built, (the present one), and most 
trains going south or north stopped for water. 
That grade from Tonti to Kinmundy is still 
one of the toughest ones on the route, and 
gives the diesels trouble, too. This water- 
itop caused one of the bad wrecks which 
people still remember; one midnight train 
plowed into the other one which had stop- 
ped for water, and killed 4 railroad officials 
whose private car was at the rear. At this 
time a block signal system was being install- 
ed to prevent just such occurrences. 

When the first autos came to Kimnundy 
there were no roads except dirt ones. After 
the fall rains started, you put your car up on 
wooden jacks in the garage (it was still call- 
ed the barn) and you left it there till next 
summer. Dr. Miller and Dr. Camerer each 
had cars about 1912, the kind you cranked. 
These models had acetylene lamps which had 
to be lit with a match at dusk. It was a long 
trip to Centralia and a real journey to St. 
Louis, and Chicago. There were no marked 
routes and it was easy to loose your way in 
strange territory. Then two men in a bug- 
gy came along one day. down the road from 
Effingham and painted black and orange 
triangles on every other telephone pole. This 
marked the Egyptian trail which became 
Route 37, in 1931. 

Then came the trucks and buses. Gradual- 
ly they took business from the railroad, es- 
pecially passenger and short hauls, and now 
the streamliners go roaring through without 
stopping and the small town depends on 
truck, bus and private car. Many people 
have never ridden on a railroad, which was 
true long ago but for a different reason. 
Nowadays they don't need to. With good 
highways and faster cars you can live in 
Kinmundy and work elsewhere, so people 
who are not on the farm, do not have to 
move to the city for employment, and the 
small town is again a nice place to live. You 
can drive to St. Louis for a show or ball 
game or shopping. With the new thru-ways, 
places even fai-ther away will become more 
accessible. At least one resident has his own 
plane, and several fly planes from the Salem 
Airport. Perhaps the plane will do for the 
automobile what the automobile did to the 
railroad. The next hundred years will tell. 



Page Forty-One 




PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH 
NOW CHURCH OF GOD 




BAPTIST CHURCH 




SOUTHERN METHODIST 
CHURCH 



CHURCHES IX THIS AREA 

The first settlers in this community were of English or Scotch and Irish 
protestant groups and came from southern and southeastern states: Bap- 
tists, Methodists and Presbyterians. Catholicism was brought by the French 
to Kaskaskia as early as 1685, but it did not reach Kinmundy till the Irish 
and German settlers came in the 1840s. 



CUMBERLAND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH 

The first Cumberland Presbyterian Church was organized at the home 
of James Eagan, Sept. 7, 1840 by William Pinley. It was called Mt. Carmel 
but took the name of Kinmundy after the town was founded. In 1842 a camp 
meeting grounds was established near the townsite .and out of these meetings 
grew most of the Cumberland Presbyterian congregations in the country. 

After the town was platted, Isaac Eagan gave to the congregation lot 
5 block 3 in Eagan's first addition for a church site, and was instrumental in 
organizing the group, affiliated with the Mt. Vernon Presbytery. This church 
was erected in 1859 and is said to be the first church built in Kinmundy. The 
building still stands, and is now used by the Church of God. 

On August 19, 1865 the First Presbyterian Church was organized by the 
Alton Presbytery. This was a different group from the Cumberlands. They 
bought lots 64-65 in the original town and the building on them which had 
been used as a school house till the new building was built. This building 
known as Presbyterian Hall was later moved to Madison and Second street 
where it stood for many years. The congregation united with Cumberland 
Presbyterian, and the united congregation was known as the First Presbyterian 
Church of Kinmundy. When it became too small to support a church, they 
disbanded in the 1920s and the members went to other churches. 



BAPTIST CHURCH 

The Baptists are one of the earliest sects in the county. The Liberty 
Baptist church was a log house 4 miles northwest of Kinmundy. Elder Dick- 
ens, a pioneer in this county, probably organized this church before 1826. 
According to the History of Marion and Clinton Counties they were still hold- 
ing church in the log house in 1881. 

Harmony Baptist church was located about 1 \-2 miles southwest of Kin- 
mundy and was named, by the settlers who came from Mason County, Vir- 
ginia, for their church back home. This group of See, Shelton and Martin 
families met in the See schoolhouse on March 13, 1852 and organized, and 
later built a church on a lot donated by R.E. Shelton. This church was da- 
maged by a tornado about 1902. It was dismantled and rebuilt in Alma later 
that year. When the congregation grew too small to support a church they 
sold the building to the Primitive Baptists who now use it. 

In 1866 8 members organized a church in Kinmundy but it was dissolved 
in 1873 and several reunited with Harmony. On April 9, 1904 the Ti-ustees of 
the First Baptist church bought a lot on south F^-emont street from W. B. 
Ross and wife. There a church building was erected. After using it for sev- 
eral years it proved to be too far from the congregation and they moved to 
the .Southern Methodist building on Adams Street to hold their services. In 
1922 the building was sold to T. M. Smith. In the last year the building was 
torn down .and a dwelling building on its foundation. There is no congregation 
now in Kinmundy. 



METHODIST CHURCHES 

Circuit Riders were preaching Methodism in this area before Kinmundy 
was a town. Their stations were Sandy Branch, Fosterburg, and Pleasant 
Grove. James Harsha was pastor of the Salem Circuit in 1833, and preach- 
ing was held at the statioris as well as in private, homes. In the summer of 
1858 Dr. Elliott, of Salem Circuit, preached occasionally in Kinmundy. Kev. 
James WoUard, of the same circuit, was the first regular pastor. He organiz- 
ed the first class whose members were Waller Hensley and wife, Samuel Law- 
rence and wife, George Marshland and wife, Melinda Sprouse, Clara Russell, 
Sarah Fish, Marshall Gee and Wm. Blurton. 

The present Methodist minister is Rev. Earl Phillips. Father Strzelec is 
pastor of St. Philomena's Church, 



Page Forty-Two 



In 1863 the Kinmundy Circuit was formed, P. P. Hamilton became pas- 
tor, and through his efforts the first church, a white frame building, was 
built, on lot 59 in the Original town plat, and where the pre.sent church now 
stands. Elias Neil was the first superintendent of Sunday School. In 1904 
plans were made for a new building and the following committee was appoint- 
ed: Capt. C. Rohrbough. Chairman: F. A. Pruett, Miss Molly Songer. W. W. 
Neil and W. H. Gray. In July the contract was let and Samuel Ingram, the 
oldest member, turned the first spade of dirt. 

The new brick building with beautiful stained glass windows, was dedi- 
cated the next year. It is still a fine church and has been improved during 
the years by the congregation. 

This year, 1957, a new parsonage was built across the street from the 
church and the old one was sold, to be torn down. A worthy project of this 
church is "God's Acres," forty acres of land bought by the Methodist Men 
and farmed by them for the benefit of the church. 

A Southern Methodist Church was active from 1869 to the early 1900s 
but they disbanded and the members joined with Cumberland Presbyterians 
or Methodists. Their church, which stood on block 9 on Adams Street was 
torn down after having been used by the Baptist congregation for some time. 




FIRST METHODIST CHURCH 



ST. PHILOMEN.4S CATHOLIC CHURCH 

Many Catholic families came to Uiis area when the railroad was built 
and as early at 1866 Father Killian Schlosser was saying mass in the homes. 
In 1870 a church was begun, Isaac Eagan donated 2 acres of land and Patrick 
Carrick on his death bed bequeathed a note with interest amounting to $809 
which was to be used for the building. This is the old building in northeast 
part of the town, and the summer festival is still held on its grounds. 

The first trustees were Martin Schoenborn and James Mahon. For the 
first ten yeare it was in charge of the Franciscan fathers of Teutopolis, then 
in 1878 the Diocesan clergy were sent once a month to hold mass. In 1931 
with the completion of Route 37 more people were able to attend and one 
pastor was able to serve the church at Salem, as well as Kinmundy, and hold 
mass every Sunday. 

In 1940 the congregation grew larger with the coming of people attract- 
ed by the oil boom. In 1945 it celebrated its 75th year Jubilee and plans were 
begun to build a new church. This lovely brick building was dedicated in 1951 
and stands on a site donated by Mr. and Mrs. Fied Kleiss. 



CHRISTI.'VN CHURCH 

About 1900 the Christian congregations of Centralia and Salem lent 
their ministers, Rev. Smart and Rev. Rowe to hold a meeting in Kinmundy. 
The results were vei-y encouraging and a congregation was organized. On July 
4th of the next year. E. C. Bargh bought the lot on the corner of Third and 
Monroe from D. C. Beaver, whose house was located there. The house was 
then moved to the lot on the south of the High School Ag building, where it 
now stands. They immediately set about building a church, and on June 1, 
1902 the present brick building was dedicated. According to old records there 
were about 41 charter members: Mercer, Bargh, Lovell, Lynch, Nelms and 
Matthews families being among them. 

Rev. F. O. Fannon was the first minister and served for about twenty 
years before accepting a call to Centralia. 

They have always been active in mission work and at present are help- 
ing to support Kiamichi Mission, working with the Indians in Talihina, Okla- 
homa, and the Burnside family who are near Honolulu, Hawaii. The present 
minister is Rev. Rufus Gerkin. 



CHURCH OF GOD 

The Church of God was organized about 1925 with a membership of 20, 
by Rev. Sam Miller. The first trustees were Noah Robnett, Harry Warren, 
Fi-ank Kline and Mrs. Albert Maxwell and they bought the Cumberland Pres- 
byterian church building which had not been used for some time, since that 
congregation disbanded. The new church grew to about 40 members but there 
was a change in membership, some original leaving, others joining with 45 
or 50 for Sunday School. The present minister is Rev. A. C. Martin. 




PHILOMENA'S CATHOLIC 
CHURCH 




CHRISTIAN CHURCH 



Page Porty-Thiee 




Old s,'li(H)l house, Imilt in ISG.j, and 
erected in 1910. 



down when I he new 



mmmmmmsmmmmmmMMmMMMMMWSWMmm 




ST'GAR CREEK CREAMERY 
I.G.A. FOODLINER 



,.se K;irili,-| Ale, Til,-, Ills 

WESTERN STORE, General :\Ids 
CRANDALL STOKES 



Page Forty-Pour 



NEW (ilJADK 



_f^|iililililfl|i|||li!i! 



SCHOOLS 

The first settlers taught their own children or 
one, who was more educated than the rest, taught 
all the neighboring children. The first school in 
this area was a log house with a puncheon floor, 
large fireplace with stick chimney, and no win- 
dows. It was built northwest of Kinmundy in 1837 
and was taught by Samuel Whiteside. It was later 
moved to the lot just west of the C.&E.I. rail- 
road and south of the cemetery tui-n. and classes 
were held there until 1857. Miss Annaline Pruett 
taught in 1856. 

After the town was laid out. Judge D. P. 
Snelling donated a lot on Fremont street, just 
north of the French home, and a new building was 
erected there. This was frame, 36'x24' with a hall. 
Classes were taught by James P. Smith of Hudson, 
New Hampshii-e. Later teachers were W. R. Hub- 
bard, Dr. L. S. Skilling, N. S. Hubbard and Miss 
Carrie Herrick. 

This building became so crowded in the 60s 
that the directors rented a hall on lot 64 in the 
original town, and held classes there for the older 
pupils. Professor Pollard was instructor and he 
was followed by Professor Vincent of Farina. When 
the new school was finished this hall was bought 
by the Presbyterians who used it as a church and 
Sunday school. 

In the 80s "Select School" was held here. This 
was a spring term in March and April after the 
Public school closed in February. Pupils paid $1.00 
per month tuition. The hall was later moved down 
town to the corner of Second and Madison street, 
where it stood many years. 

In the fall of 1865 a new four-room frame 
building was erected on the site of the present high 
school. This opened in October, with Prof. Simeon 
Wright, ex-soldier of the Civil War, as principal. 
He came from Bloomington, Illinois. Miss Permelia 
Elder taught the grammar department. Miss Amelia 



Woodruff the intermediate, and Miss Matilda 
Young, the primary. The contractor was Tilden 
Raser; W. C. Smith was one of the carpenters. In 
1883 it was necessary to enlarge this and two rooms 
were added on the north, making six rooms in all. 

This was torn down in 1910. and a two-story 
brick building erected, which sei-ved both grades 
and high school until 1955, when a new grade 
school was built on the Kinmundy-Louisville black- 
top east of town. High school and junior high con- 
tinue in the old building. 

In 1912 our school was accj-edited by the Uni- 
versity of Illinois so that our pupils can enter uni- 
versity without entrance examinations.. 

In 1924 a gymnasium was built at the north 
end of the school grounds and served for all school 
functions, as well as town affairs, until the new 
and larger one was finished this last year. 

Early rural students walked miles through 
snow and mud. rode horseback or stayed during 
the week with townspeople, and were the baby sit- 
ters of that era. After the automobile became 
standard equipment, country roads were improved 
and in 1940 school buses were instituted to bring 
country pupils to school. 

This was the death kiiell for the one-room 
country school, and now North Fork, Arnold Chapel, 
Maple Grove, Shanghai. Wilson and other country 
school pupils ride in to Kinmundy school. The 
buildings have been sold and are converted into 
town-houses, community centers or even dwellings. 

In 1941, High School District 25 was enlarged 
into Community High School District 500, and in 
August. 1953. the Kinmundy-Alma Consolidated 
District 301 was lormed. With all this growth, new 
buildings have been added, a cafeteria and home 
economics building in 1949, and an Ag buildmg in 
1954. The newest addition is the new gym. 




NFAV HIGH SCHOOL GYMXASILLM 



Page Forty-Five 



, ^Si-fO-s-S-sffiSK^f: 



m'^^SS^^ 




■ 1 



This is a photograpli made 

Dec. 24, 1903. 

The fire of 190:! wliich destroyed the buildings from the alley on IMadison 

street to tlie bank corner, and west on 3rd street inclnding- the opera house. 

Photo was taken at Third and Madisou Streets. 




This page compliments of 

THE STATE BANK OF FARINA 

and 

F. G. STONECIPIIER and FUNERAL HOME, F.XRINA 



Page Forty-Six 



Fires and FitH' fPeparitnent 



Tli(> first mt-nt 
the City Coiuu-il ii 
Sept. l(j. 18G7, will 
to procure 5 dozen 



on of a fire department is in 
linntes of a si)ecial meeting 
n tlie mayor was instructed 
buckets, either india rubber 
or leatlier, also half-dozen ladders and half dozen 
]ioles with hooks for fighting fire. In Sept. 1870, 
the mayor appointed a committee to inspect all 
flues in the business part of the city, and report 
on defective ones, and in October, a special com- 
mittee was empowered to enter any house or 
liuiltling in the city, between sun up and sun- 
down, on any week day, to examine any hearlh, 
chiinney, stove, oven, boiler, etc.. and notify 
owner of the danger and that he shoidd correct 
it. Failure to comply was subject to $50 fine and 
costs and $5 for every day the danger continued. 

In December, 187:5, an ordinance to establish 
fire limits was introduced and 2 dozen buckets, a 
.SO ft. ladder and necessary rakes and poles anil 
other implements were ordered. In March, 1874 
they voted to procure a wagon, and a place to 
keep it, and the implements ready and safe for 
use in case of fire. There were many bad fires — 
the lumber yard — the Mendenall Evaporator and 
others in the 90s. 



•eal estate ; C. W. Wit- 
g; W. H Gray, build- 



) lost all the town 
ill this yaw when 
iM'tings v,-ere fomul 



newspai)er: S. R. Woolley, 
wer, real estate and buildi 
ing; and the City Council w 
records, or so they thought, 
the minutes of the very first 
and lent us for this book. 

The bucket brigade saved the buildings (;n 
the opposite side of the street, but were powerless 
to stop the blaze, till they tore down Dr. Camer- 
er's office and the building next to it. The Ef- 
fingham fire department came down on a freight 
train, and made the run in 35 minutes but ar- 
rived too late to save the buildings. The next 
year the buildings to the south burned, and the 
Kxj)ress was again destroyed. 

In 1916 the Opera House which had been re- 
built, burned again, and this time there was a 
jnunp cart and hose to aid the bucket brigade, but 
it was not enough. Those buildings have never 
been rebuilt since that time. 

About 1919 a small Ford truck was purchas- 
ed and that was used til 1940, when the city got 
a bigger Ford pumper. AImo.st immediately, 
there was another big fire which took the whole 
south side of the block of Third street between 
^ladison and the alley. At this time the fire 
companies came from St. Peter, Farina and Sa- 
lem. This block was never rebuilt. 



Ill 190:5 the business section was destroyed 
from the Masonic Temple to the bank and west 
to Dr. Camerer's office. The list of losses were: 
the ]\Iasouie temple, Weisberg clothing store; 
Gunu and Killie Grocery; M. A. Songer, dry- 
good and Millinery; First National Bank, their 
safe remained in the fire but the contents were 
found to be unharmed; the offices above the 
bank, the I.O.O.F. and Rebekah halls on the third 
floor ; John Spillman barber shop ; C. T. Middle- 
ton grocery ; J. P. Whitson Harness shop ; Ha- 
worth Opera Hou.se ; Gramley Bros., Meat market 
S. L. Bundy, clothing and shoes ; Express Journal 

KINMUNDY-AOIA VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT 



In 1955 the Kinmiuuly-Alma fire protection 
district was organized. This takes in quite a bit 
of territory outside of the two towns and acts to 
lower the insurance rates for farmers living in the 
district. In addition to the old pumper the depart- 
ment now has a new and bigger Ford triple com- 
bination, low pressure, high pressure and com- 
bination ladder. A siren has replaced the old 
bell and light plant whistle, whose frightening 
sound ■we remember so well. 



OFFICERS 
Jim Alexander, Pres. 
George Feather, Vice Pres. 
Gilbert Doolen, Secy.-Treas. 
Carl Dunlap, Fire Chief 
Jesse George, Assistant Chief 
P. H. Robnett, Captain 
James Lane, Lieutenant 



MEMBERS 



Vernon Allen 
R. R. Atkins 
James Brasel 
D. C. Day 
Lowell I. Devore 
Edward Elston 
Fi-ed Gammon 



Robert Geiler 
E. E. Jahraus 
R. R. Lee 
John W. McCnlley 
Everett Tate 
O. Yates Jr. 
E. O. Zimmer 



Page Forty-Seven 



HOUSES SHOWN ON HISTORICAL TOUR 



PARRILL RESIDENCE 

The Pan-ill residence i, 
town was platted in 1857. 
office by W. B. Eagan. I 
Council meetings when W 
weigh hay and grain. He sold it 
east and it passed through 
1907 by the Pa "' ' 



lid to be the first house built after t 
was used as a house and store and pi 
mentioned in th.. minutes of early C: 
1. petitiont'il i.. liiiil.i s<:iles in front 



ed 



ho] 



11 family whe 
Luella li\ 



sister, Evanglii 



\. 



LEACH RESIDENCE 

This hundi.d \eii old hous 
bv MRhiel Wolle ol LouisMlle 
thKk md muk of buck Most 

outside elitiances ^md ^^ele lar 
those dajs was loi a tamlly t( 
on tht newlv tliuntd land It 
laimb, the Absalom Tuckers 
and the gieat ferandmotliLi ot 
Woltt. died a bachelor h i\iii, 
the estate, and in 18bb ' .. r ^. 
Galena. Ill, bought and I'ln 1 
it to his son. Charles, who i.l.l 
laised tine cattle there uiilil 
Gieemng, Wm H Meeks, Ay 
lti20, Tony loung who had ex 
It Vftei his death it was sold by 



the 



their home was built 
Wolfe and his sistei s 
other of Byron Rot ii 
Uotans and Wadi s 



DUs I 

s . 111. I I .| . 1 1\ was sold to 
wli wi li.Mi Indiana by waj 
Mil I u^ll^ 1. i,i» In 1885 he s„ 

II nun la Hereford Paik ai 

w.iit thioU(,h many hands. Hi n 
ant John Mei chant and finally 
orchards in the neighboihood boug 

widow to O I Leach, the prese 



\ 



purchaser of the land was Isaac Eagar 

nt in 1852 sold it to W J Sprouse, 

bought by Michael Wolle Eleven own 



now the lesidmci 
Snelling was bom 
New Hampshue is 
on all sides whuh 
lush, going to c il 
and horseb.K k h 
the middle wi si 



, Id 1 Sn 
;iv Sug^t 
.NOikid m 



uded to settli 

old home wli 

ts bouf,ht md 



\ 



GRISSOM RESIDEI 

The V. O I 1 
Rohrbough md li i 
bough came to k i i 



Cilendu 
ipt Rohi 
1 the ci\il 



huich 



ipt 



the 



leet 



Kohl bough 
I ih est ite xbout l')23 ind hi' 
1 juodLinized and ii-modeled but looks 
\ tditid the Kinmundy Express md i 
Giissom teaches voice and is dut 



INGRAM RESIDENCE 

This houie now the residence of Mi and Mi£ 

by Abram Soiit,( i " ^ 

mundy from Xi ni 
prisoner in I ii)b> 
who tunneled out 



N<lms 






Ml 



nd 



tion from the Southt 
er, Giles, Mi Suii^i i 
which they m ul i 
affair but in i^ 
house remodeh d 
(Mrs. James I i. 
Mollie Songei w 1 
were all gone it b. Im 
been remodeled md n 
Ingram is a coUectoi 



Blwin Ingram w is bu 
,vh( n the> cime to Ki 
M s Ml Songei w is 

nf,er was a scht 

I 1 I eived her edui 

II With his biot 



ol antiques 



BAILEY RESIDENCE 

The home of Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd Bailey is about 100 yeai 



old 



originally the home of the George Rutherford family. 

been put together with wooden pegs instead of iinils, i ut Mi i 

tensively remodeled since then. The .soutli. :isi iniini i.s i I i M I 

ford taught shorthand to the many yunin |.im|,|, ,,i il i 

went to Chicago and got jobs. In the sn ii^ nnh lui ii I 

er, an early newspaper, devoted to the Gni nio. k p.iri\. i i i i i 

mundy Register. He was also an osteopath ami wa.s knuwi s li i 

doctor." The daughters Sue and Ida Ixitli went to Chicago but late 

back and remodeled and landscaped the place. It was bought 

present owners in 1943 when they came here at the time of the oil 

They have modernized and improved the house and grounds 



liy th. 
boom 



I'.f i 




THIS PAGE COURTESY SALEM TIMES-( OMMONER 




Page Forty-Eight 



i- 





t , ,_ ., • 



z:^ 




UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS-URBANA 

liiriBi 

3 0112 050743688